Xiaojun Xiang

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Not all experiences are memorized equally well. Especially, some types of stress are unavoidable in daily life and the stress experience can be memorized for life. Previous evidence has showed that synaptic plasticity, such as long-term potentiation (LTP) that may be the major cellular model of the mechanism underlying learning and memory, is influenced by(More)
Previous studies have shown that withdrawal from psychostimulant drugs such as d-amphetamine or methamphetamine decreases motivation to work for a natural reinforcement, which is thought to be associated with the withdrawal-induced depressive state and hypofunction of the mesolimbic dopamine system. However, to our knowledge, studies exploring the effect of(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that microRNA (miR)-506 plays a vital role in tumorigenesis; however, the role of miR-506 in gastric cancer (GC) is unclear and needs further investigation. In the present study, we showed that the decrease in the expression of miR-506 is associated with tumor size, pathological tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage, and lymph node(More)
Few studies have been previously published about the resting state brain activity in young chronic smokers, although many previous fMRI studies have shown that the task-related activity pattern is altered in chronic smokers. In the present study, forty-five healthy smokers (age: 27.9 ± 5.6 year) and forty-four healthy non-smoking control subjects (age: 26.3(More)
The hippocampus is involved in anxiety as well as spatial memory formation and is sexually dimorphic. Female rats typically show less anxiety in elevated plus maze procedure (EPM), a standard animal model of anxiety. Many intracellular proteins, including α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor subunit GluR1 and the cyclic AMP(More)
Modern Chinese society is comprised primarily of two subgroups-urban and rural subpopulations. However, comparative data regarding alcohol and tobacco use between urban and rural subgroups in China is sparse. An epidemiological survey was conducted in the Huaihua District of Hunan Province of China, and 3,543 urban and 4,294 rural dwellers aged 15-65 years(More)
Aim  While drinking in the event is an important factor in injury occurrence, the pattern of usual drinking may also be important in risk of injury. Explored here is the relationship of an alcohol-related injury with an individual usual drinking pattern. Design  Alcohol-related injury is examined using hierarchical linear models, taking into account(More)
The motivational component of drug withdrawal may contribute to drug seeking and relapse through the negative reinforcement-based process. Here, we used conditioned place aversion (CPA) induced by naloxone-precipitated morphine withdrawal to measure the aversive effects. Using an unbiased conditioning paradigm, we treated rats with morphine hydrochloride(More)
Ketamine is a non-competitive anatognist of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor commonly used as an anesthetic and analgesic. In sub-anesthetic doses, it can induce temporary psychotic symptoms and has served as a pharmacological model for schizophrenia. While its acute effects on brain and behavior have been studied, the effects of long-term exposure(More)