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A case-control study of breast cancer (BC) was conducted from 1994 to 1996 in Chongqing, People's Republic of China, in order to explore the etiological role of passive smoking (PS, so-called second hand smoking) as well as other early life factors (weight, height, socioeconomic status and history of suffering from a disease resulting in hospitalization).(More)
BACKGROUND In China, the New Co-operative Medical System (NCMS), a rural health insurance system, has expanded nationwide since 2003. This study aims to describe prenatal care use, content and costs of care in one county where prenatal care is included in the NCMS and two counties where it is not. It also explores the perceptions of stakeholders of the(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate the correlation between consumption of whole grains and the risk of all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and diabetes-specific mortality according to a dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. METHODS Observational cohort studies, which reported associations between whole grains and the risk of death(More)
This article presents a variant of sigma-point Kalman filters family called square-root spherical simplex unscented Kalman filter for online Bayesian recursive estimation of the state and parameter of nonlinear systems with non-Gaussian statistics. The algorithm consists of a better-behaved spherical simplex unscented transformation to build the sigma point(More)
The currently used biomarkers for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are blood creatinine phosphokinase-muscle band (CPK-MB), troponin-T (TnT), and troponin I (TnI). However, no good biomarkers are identified in urine after AMI, because these blood protein biomarkers are difficult to be filtered into urine. In this study, the role of urine microRNAs in the(More)
BACKGROUND This article describes a pilot study evaluating a novel liquid biopsy system for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. The electric field-induced release and measurement (EFIRM) method utilizes an electrochemical biosensor for detecting oncogenic mutations in biofluids. METHODS Saliva and plasma of 17 patients were collected from three(More)
Melanoma-associated antigens (MAGE)-A9 has been reported to play important roles in the development of human cancers. However, the association between MAGE-A9 expression and the clinicopathological characteristics of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not well understood. The study was to detect the expression of MAGE-A9 in human HCC and investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND Oriental people usually have a wide midface and a prominent zygoma. Reduction malarplasty is one of the most frequently requested procedures for improvement of the facial contour in the Orient. Some methods involve coronal or preauricular incision for osteotomy, but this increases the likelihood of skin scars and injury to facial nerves, and(More)
The neurite outgrowth inhibitor protein Nogo-A has been identified as an inhibitor of axonal regeneration, and Nogo-B as a regulator of vasculature remodeling, but the additional roles of Nogo isoforms, especially Nogo-C, have obtained little attention. Nogo-C is weakly expressed in liver and kidney compared to the high expression in skeletal muscle. Here(More)
The phenolic profiles and antioxidant activity of litchi pulp of 13 varieties were investigated. The free, bound and total phenolic contents were 66.17-226.03, 11.18-40.54, and 101.51-259.18 mg of gallic acid equivalents/100 g, respectively. The free, bound and total flavonoid contents were 16.68-110.33, 10.48-22.75, and 39.43-129.86 mg of catechin(More)