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—An emerging Internet application, IPTV, has the potential to flood Internet access and backbone ISPs with massive amounts of new traffic. Although many architectures are possible for IPTV video distribution, several mesh-pull P2P architectures have been successfully deployed on the Internet. In order to gain insights into mesh-pull P2P IPTV systems and the(More)
—This paper explores how to remotely monitor network-wide quality in mesh-pull P2P live streaming systems. Peers in such systems advertise to each other buffer maps which summarize the chunks of data that they currently have cached and make available for sharing. We show how buffer maps can be exploited to monitor network-wide quality. We show that(More)
—Peer Exchange (PEX), in which peers directly exchange with each other lists of active peers in the torrent, has been widely implemented in modern BitTorrent clients for decentralized peer discovery. However, there is little knowledge about the behavior of PEX in operational systems. In this paper, we perform both passive measurements and Planetlab(More)
The pull-push hybrid P2P streaming, as an emerging and promising approach, has achieved some success in delivering live video traffic. The sub-stream scheduling problem is a key design issue in a hybrid system. In this paper, we propose a max-flow model for unifying this sub-stream scheduling problem. We find that the sub-stream scheduling problem in(More)
— Content Delivery Network (CDN) is an intermediate layer of infrastructure that helps to efficiently deliver the ever increasing multimedia content from content providers to a large community of geographically distributed clients. Content routing is an essential component of CDN architecture. In this paper we propose a hierarchical content routing(More)
We take a close look at Xunlei, an enormously popular down-load acceleration application in China. Xunlei forms a complex ecosystem , with Xunlei peers extensively interacting with independent HTTP and FTP servers, cyberlockers (such as megaupload and hotfile), the Bit-Torrent and eDonkey file-sharing systems, as well as with other Xunlei peers. After(More)
—We study a natural and potentially devastating attack against BitTorrent, namely, attacking the initial seed in a torrent's early stages. The goal of this attack is to diminish the seed's ability to upload blocks. If the attacker can discover and react quickly enough to the new torrent, it can possibly " nip the torrent in its bud, " preventing all of the(More)
P2P live streaming systems are developed in two major approaches: tree-push versus mesh-pull. The hybrid push-pull streaming, as an emerging and promising approach, offers a good tradeoff between traffic overhead and system throughput. In this paper, we demonstrate that video redundancy is a large contributor of the traffic overhead in push-pull systems. To(More)
—For Internet video services, the high fluctuation of user demands in geographically distributed regions results in low resource utilizations of traditional CDN systems. Due to the capability of rapid and elastic resource provisioning, cloud computing emerges as a new paradigm to reshape the model of video distribution over the Internet, in which resources(More)