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Cell-surface-localized plant immune receptors, such as FLS2, detect pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and initiate PAMP-triggered immunity (PTI) through poorly understood signal-transduction pathways. The pathogenic Pseudomonas syringae effector AvrPphB, a cysteine protease, cleaves the Arabidopsis receptor-like cytoplasmic kinase PBS1 to(More)
The Yr26 gene, conferring resistance to all currently important races of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst) in China, was previously mapped to wheat chromosome deletion bin C-1BL-6-0.32 with low-density markers. In this study, collinearity of wheat to Brachypodium distachyon and rice was used to develop markers to saturate the chromosomal region(More)
We consider multi-hop OFDM relaying systems employing either decode-and-forward (DF) or amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying protocols in this paper. We propose adaptive power allocation (PA) algorithms under joint transmit power constraint at source and relays in order to maximize system capacity with channel state information (CSI) known at all nodes. The(More)
The Arabidopsis immune receptor FLS2 perceives bacterial flagellin epitope flg22 to activate defenses through the central cytoplasmic kinase BIK1. The heterotrimeric G proteins composed of the non-canonical Gα protein XLG2, the Gβ protein AGB1, and the Gγ proteins AGG1 and AGG2 are required for FLS2-mediated immune responses through an unknown mechanism.(More)
Previous studies have shown that exposure of Arabidopsis leaves to high light (HL) causes a systemic acquired acclimation (SAA) response in the vasculature. It has been postulated that C4-like photosynthesis in the leaf veins triggers this response via the Mehler reaction. To investigate this proposed connection and extend SAA to other plants, we examined(More)
The lamin A/C (LMNA), nuclear intermediate filament proteins, is a basic component of the nuclear lamina. Mutations in LMNA are associated with a broad range of laminopathies, congenital diseases affecting tissue regeneration and homeostasis. Heart tissue specific transgenic mice of human LMNA E82K, a mutation causing dilated cardiomyopathy, were generated.(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous small RNAs regulating plant development and stress responses. In addition, phosphorus (P) is an important macronutrient for plant growth and development. More than two hundred miRNAs have been identified in Glycine Max and a few of miRNAs have been shown to respond to P deficiency, however, whether there are other miRNAs(More)
As a weapon-target assignment problem (WTA), the fire-allocation of naval fleet air defense was studied and an optimal target assignment model was established. By combining the features of naval fleet anti-air combat, several classical assignment algorithms were discussed. To find global optimal results efficiently, an effective global search method i.e.(More)
Streptomyces avermitilis is an industrially important soil bacterium known for production of avermectins, which are antiparasitic agents useful in animal health care, agriculture, and treatment of human infections. ku genes play a key role in the non-homologous end-joining pathway for repair of DNA double strand breaks. We identified homologs of eukaryotic(More)
BACKGROUND Monoclonal antibodies have been employed as targeting molecules of superantigen for the preclinical treatment of a variety of tumours. However, other targeting molecules, such as tumour-related ligands or peptides, are less exploited. Here, we tested other targeting molecules by genetically fusing the third loop of transforming growth factor(More)