Xiaojing Song

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This paper presents a novel optical fiber-based rolling indentation probe designed to measure the stiffness distribution of a soft tissue while rolling over the tissue surface during minimally invasive surgery. By fusing the measurements along rolling paths, the probe can generalize a mechanical image to visualize the stiffness distribution within the(More)
The break-away friction ratio (BF-ratio), which is the ratio between friction force and the normal force at slip occurrence, is important for the prediction of incipient slip and the determination of optimal grasping forces. Conventionally, this ratio is assumed constant and approximated as the static friction coefficient. However, this ratio varies with(More)
This paper proposes a novel algorithm for recognizing the shape of object which in contact with a robotic finger through the tactile pressure sensing. The developed algorithm is capable of distinguishing the contact shapes between a set of low-resolution pressure map. Within this algorithm, a novel feature extraction technique is developed which transforms(More)
Object surface properties are among the most important information which a robot requires in order to effectively interact with an unknown environment. This paper presents a novel haptic exploration strategy for recognizing the physical properties of unknown object surfaces using an intelligent finger. This developed intelligent finger is capable of(More)
Robot grasping and manipulation require very accurate knowledge of the object's location within the robotic hand. By itself, a vision system cannot provide very precise and robust pose tracking due to occlusions or hardware limitations. This paper presents a method to estimate a grasped object's 6D pose by fusing sensor data from vision, tactile sensors and(More)
This paper proposes a new computationally fast algorithm for classifying the primitive shape and pose of the local contact area in real-time using a tactile array sensor attached on a robotic fingertip. The proposed approach abstracts the lower structural property of the tactile image by analyzing the covariance between pressure values and their locations(More)
This paper proposes a novel technique to estimate slips and velocities of an unmanned skid-steered vehicle. An optical flow-based visual sensor looking down the terrain surface is employed to recover the motion of the vehicle by tracking features selected from the terrain surface. The special orientation of the on-board camera is to assure high accuracy of(More)
This paper investigates possible sources of variability in the dynamics of legged locomotion, even in its most idealized form. The rimless wheel model is a seemingly deterministic legged dynamic system, popular within the legged locomotion community for understanding basic collision dynamics and energetics during passive phases of walking. Despite the(More)
Slip prediction is important for maintaining the stability of object handling in robust grasping and dexterous manipulation. However, up to date a challenge still remains that how to accurately predict slip occurrence before it actually happens to allow robotic hands to conduct slip compensation in time. The concept of friction cone has been conventionally(More)