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The problem of cross-modal retrieval, e.g., using a text query to search for images and vice-versa, is considered in this paper. A novel model involving correspondence autoencoder (Corr-AE) is proposed here for solving this problem. The model is constructed by correlating hidden representations of two uni-modal autoencoders. A novel optimal objective, which(More)
The ICML 2013 Workshop on Challenges in Representation Learning(1) focused on three challenges: the black box learning challenge, the facial expression recognition challenge, and the multimodal learning challenge. We describe the datasets created for these challenges and summarize the results of the competitions. We provide suggestions for organizers of(More)
Stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is one of the most destructive diseases of wheat. Here we report a 110-Mb draft sequence of Pst isolate CY32, obtained using a 'fosmid-to-fosmid' strategy, to better understand its race evolution and pathogenesis. The Pst genome is highly heterozygous and contains 25,288 protein-coding genes.(More)
β-1,3-Glucanases are a group of pathogenesis-related proteins that have been reported to be involved in plant defense against pathogens in many other plant-pathogen systems. However, it was not clear if these genes play similar role in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) against Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), the stripe rust pathogen. To investigate(More)
Excessive consumption of acidic drinks and foods contributes to tooth erosion. The aims of the present in vitro study were twofold: (1) to assess the erosive potential of different dietary substances and medications; (2) to determine the chemical properties with an impact on the erosive potential. We selected sixty agents: soft drinks, an energy drink,(More)
The caspase family proteases are key proapoptotic proteins while the inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAP) prevent apoptosis by antagonizing the caspases or other key proapoptotic proteins. Limited studies of IAPs suggested their deregulation contributed to urothelial neoplasia. However, the expression status and biologic or prognostic significance of the(More)
Person, location and organization have been always mentioned as a bottleneck of a named entity recognition (NER) system. Automatic recognition of Chinese organization name is the most difficult problem in NER tasks. This paper presents a new approach of Chinese organization name recognition based on cascaded conditional random fields. In the proposed(More)
Studies have highlighted the importance of histone deacetylase (HDAC)-mediated epigenetic processes in the development of diabetic complications. Inhibitors of HDAC are a novel class of therapeutic agents in diabetic nephropathy, but currently available inhibitors are mostly nonselective inhibit multiple HDACs, and different HDACs serve very distinct(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) can induce ectopic bone formation, which is negatively regulated by inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. Recently, miR-155 has been reported to regulate the transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling pathway and inflammatory responses. However, whether and how miR-155 modulates TNF-α-regulated(More)