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Tibetan high-altitude adaptation (HAA) has been studied extensively, and many candidate genes have been reported. Subsequent efforts targeting HAA functional variants, however, have not been that successful (e.g., no functional variant has been suggested for the top candidate HAA gene, EPAS1). With WinXPCNVer, a method developed in this study, we detected(More)
The origin of Tibetans remains one of the most contentious puzzles in history, anthropology, and genetics. Analyses of deeply sequenced (30×-60×) genomes of 38 Tibetan highlanders and 39 Han Chinese lowlanders, together with available data on archaic and modern humans, allow us to comprehensively characterize the ancestral makeup of Tibetans and uncover(More)
Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most devastating and common pediatric brain tumor. Tumor cells invading into surrounding tissue and disseminating through cerebrospinal fluid make treatment extremely difficult. Identifying the mechanisms of MB cells is therefore imperative for the development of novel treatments. A research group demonstrated recently that the(More)
Let s = (s 1 ,. .. , s m) and t = (t 1 ,. .. , t n) be vectors of non-negative integer-valued functions with equal sum S = m i=1 s i = n j=1 t j. Let N (s, t) be the number of m × n matrices with entries from {0, 1} such that the ith row has row sum s i and the jth column has column sum t j. Equivalently, N (s, t) is the number of labelled bipartite graphs(More)
We obtain the asymptotic number of labelled tournaments with a given score sequence in the case where each score is n/2 + O(n 3/4+ǫ) for sufficiently small ǫ > 0. Some consequences for the score sequences of random tournaments are also noted. The method used is integration in n complex dimensions.
In the present paper, we report an efficient total synthesis of a marine alkaloid, rigidin E. The key tetrasubstituted 2-amino-3-carboxamidepyrrole intermediate was synthesized by cascade Michael addition/intramolecular cyclization between N-(2-(4-(benzyloxy)phenyl)-2-oxoethyl)methanesulfonamide and 3-(4-(benzyloxy)phenyl)-2-cyano-N-methylacrylamide.(More)
Nostosins A and B were isolated from a hydrophilic extract of Nostoc sp. strain from Iran, which exhibits excellent tryps inhibitory activity. Nostosin A was the most potent natural tripeptide aldehyde as trypsin inhibitor up to now. Both R- and S-2-hydroxy-4-(4-hydroxy-phenyl) butanoic acid (Hhpba) were prepared and incorporated into the total synthesis of(More)
The complete mitochondrial genome of Dastarcus helophoroides (Coleoptera: Bothrideridae) which consists of 13 PCGs, 22 tRNA genes, two rRNA genes and a non-coding region (D-loop), is sequenced for its nucleotide sequence of 15,878 bp (GenBank: KF811054.1). The genome has a typical gene order which is identical to other Coleoptera species. Except for COI(More)
Ieodomycin B, which shows in vitro antimicrobial activity, was isolated from a marine Bacillus species. A novel asymmetric total synthetic approach to ieodomycin B using commercially available geraniol was achieved. The approach involves the generation of 1,3-trans-dihydroxyl at C-3 and C-5 positions via a Crimmins-modified Evans aldol reaction and a(More)