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Vibrio parahaemolyticus harbours two distinct type III secretion systems (T3SS1 and T3SS2). A subset of 10 T3SS1 genes are transcribed when V. parahaemolyticus is grown in tissue culture medium [Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM)], while transcription of these genes (except exsD) is minimal upon growth in Luria-Bertani-Salt (LB-S). Transcription of(More)
FADD is a common adaptor shared by several death receptors for signalling apoptosis through recruitment and activation of caspase 8 (refs 1-3). Death receptors are essential for immune homeostasis, but dispensable during embryogenesis. Surprisingly, Fadd(-/-) mice die in utero and conditional deletion of FADD leads to impaired lymphocyte proliferation. How(More)
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a leading cause of seafood-borne gastroenteritis in many parts of the world, but there is limited knowledge of the pathogenesis of V. parahaemolyticus-induced diarrhea. The absence of an oral infection-based small animal model to study V. parahaemolyticus intestinal colonization and disease has constrained analyses of the course(More)
The genes encoding the nucleotide-binding site (NBS) and leucine-rich repeat (LRR) motifs constitute a large gene family in plants and have attracted much interest, because most of the plant disease-resistance genes that have been cloned are from this gene family. In this study, degenerate oligonucleotide primers, designed on the basis of conserved regions(More)
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is the leading worldwide cause of seafood-associated gastroenteritis, yet little is known regarding its intraintestinal gene expression or physiology. To date, in vivo analyses have focused on identification and characterization of virulence factors--e.g. a crucial Type III secretion system (T3SS2)--rather than genome-wide analyses(More)
UNLABELLED Intestinal colonization by Vibrio parahaemolyticus-the most common cause of seafood-borne bacterial enteritis worldwide-induces extensive disruption of intestinal microvilli. In orogastrically infected infant rabbits, reorganization of the apical brush border membrane includes effacement of some microvilli and marked elongation of others. All(More)
Verticillium wilt, caused by Verticillium dahliae, is a soil-borne disease of the cultivated eggplant (Solanum melongena). The accession PI388846 from a wild species S. linnaeanum, shows resistance to Verticillium wilt. The introgression of its disease resistance gene into cultivated eggplants would allow for breeding disease resistant eggplants. In this(More)
In vibrios, the expression of virulence factors is often controlled by LuxR, the master quorum-sensing regulator. Here, we investigate the interplay between LuxR and σE, an alternative sigma factor, during the control of virulence-related gene expression and adaptations to temperature elevations in the zoonotic pathogen Vibrio alginolyticus. An rpoE null V.(More)
Eggplant verticillium wilt, caused by Verticillium dahliae, is one of the most severe diseases of eggplant worldwide. Transferring of resistance genes from wild relatives would be valuable for the continued improvements of eggplant. Solanum aculeatissimum, a wild relative of eggplant possessing resistance to verticillium wilt, is potentially useful for(More)
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