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To investigate responses to nitrogen and phosphorus stress, 218 recombinant inbred maize (Zea mays L.) lines were grown under low nitrogen, low phosphorus, and control (i.e., nitrogen and phosphorus sufficient) conditions and evaluated at the silking stage for various traits, including leaf area, leaf chlorophyll content, flowering time, the interval(More)
Sambucus chinensis L. is a native perennial herb distributed throughout China. In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), this herb is known as Lu-Ying. Ursolic acid is the major effective constituent of Lu-Ying. A rapid, sensitive, and accurate liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method for the determination of ursolic acid in rat plasma was(More)
Resveratrol, a member of a class of polyphenolic compounds known as flavonols, has been extensively studied for its anticancer, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective roles. Caenorhabidits elegans is a well-established animal for investigating responses to radiation. We found that resveratrol may provide protection against hazardous radiation.(More)
UPLC-MS-MS system was used for the identification of arbidol metabolites in the rat feces, urine and plasma samples. The system was so powerful a way with high ability of separation and analysis, based on both chromatography and mass properties. The isotope of Br was also a good indicator for metabolites finding. There were altogether 9 metabolites detected(More)
Sanqi, the root of Panax notoginseng, is a popularly used traditional Chinese medicine with cardiovascular effects. Notoginsengnosides (NG) isolated from Sanqi could inhibit ADP-induced platelet aggregation of rat washed platelets. To identify the possible target proteins of NG in platelets, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE)-based comparative(More)
Efflux transporters expressed in the apical membrane of intestinal enterocytes have been implicated in drug oral absorption. The current study presents a strategy and tools to quantitatively predict the impact of efflux on oral absorption for new chemical entities (NCEs) in early drug discovery. Sixty-three marketed drugs with human absorption data were(More)
Propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) is a widely used general anesthetic with anti-oxidant activities. This study aims to investigate protective capacity of propofol against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative injury in neural cells and whether the anti-oxidative effects of propofol occur through a mechanism involving the modulation of NADPH oxidase(More)
Autophagy is an intracellular lysosome-dependent catabolic process that is indispensable for maintaining cellular homeostasis through the turnover and elimination of defective or redundant proteins and damaged or aged organelles. Recent studies suggest that autophagy may be closely associated with tumorigenesis and the response of tumor cells to(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to develop folate-poly (PEG-cyanoacrylate-co-cholesteryl cyanoacrylate) (FA-PEG-PCHL)-modified freeze-dried liposomes for targeted chemotherapy using docetaxel as a model drug. METHODS FA-PEG-PCHL was synthesized and its cytotoxicity was evaluated by CCK-8 assay in L929. Docetaxel-loaded liposomes modified by(More)
A sensitive and efficient liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of two active chromones (prim-O-glucosylcimifugin and 4'-O-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol) from Saposhnikovia root in rat plasma and urine. The plasma or urine samples were prepared by protein precipitation.(More)