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In this paper a closed-loop cruise controller to minimise the running costs of the heavy-haul train is proposed. Consideration is given to velocity tracking, in-train force and fuel consumption, as well as optimisation of them. To overcome the communication constraints, a fencing concept is introduced whereby the controller is reconfigured adaptively to the(More)
Ordinary differential equations (ODE) are a powerful tool for modeling dynamic processes with wide applications in a variety of scientific fields. Over the last 2 decades, ODEs have also emerged as a prevailing tool in various biomedical research fields, especially in infectious disease modeling. In practice, it is important and necessary to determine(More)
This paper shows an application of control theory to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS models. Minimum singular value decomposition is applied to HIV/AIDS models to measure the extent to which the different stages in the progression of HIV/AIDS disease are controllable and, consequently, when best to initiate therapy such that the general objectives(More)
—This paper describes how HIV/AIDS education is being introduced into the curriculum of the Third-and fourth-year students were provided with an HIV/AIDS Educational CD developed at the university. Their knowledge of the subject was tested via two quizzes—one written before they were exposed to the material on the CD and one after. In addition, a(More)