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BRCA1 plays an important role in the homologous recombination (HR)-mediated DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair, but the mechanism is not clear. Here we describe that BRCA1 forms a complex with CtIP and MRN (Mre11/Rad50/Nbs1) in a cell cycle-dependent manner. Significantly, the complex formation, especially the ionizing radiation-enhanced association of(More)
The congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are characterized by defects in N-linked glycan biosynthesis that result from mutations in genes encoding proteins directly involved in the glycosylation pathway. Here we describe two siblings with a fatal form of CDG caused by a mutation in the gene encoding COG-7, a subunit of the conserved oligomeric Golgi(More)
Microhomology-mediated end joining (MMEJ) is a major pathway for Ku-independent alternative nonhomologous end joining, which contributes to chromosomal translocations and telomere fusions, but the underlying mechanism of MMEJ in mammalian cells is not well understood. In this study, we demonstrated that, distinct from Ku-dependent classical nonhomologous(More)
DNA replication initiation is tightly controlled so that each origin only fires once per cell cycle. Cell cycle-dependent Cdt1 degradation plays an essential role in DNA replication control, as overexpression of Cdt1 leads to re-replication. In this study, we investigated the mechanisms of Cdt1 degradation in mammalian cells. We showed that the F-box(More)
Ubiquitination plays an important role in the DNA damage response. We identified a novel interaction of the E3 ubiquitin ligase RNF8 with Nbs1, a key regulator of DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair. We found that Nbs1 is ubiquitinated both before and after DNA damage and is a direct ubiquitination substrate of RNF8. We also identified key residues on Nbs1(More)
Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) is a rare human disease displaying chromosome instability, radiosensitivity, cancer predisposition, immunodeficiency, and other defects [1, 2]. NBS is complexed with MRE11 and RAD50 in a DNA repair complex [3-5] and is localized to telomere ends in association with TRF proteins [6, 7]. We show that blood cells from NBS(More)
DNA replication is a highly regulated process involving a number of licensing and replication factors that function in a carefully orchestrated manner to faithfully replicate DNA during every cell cycle. Loss of proper licensing control leads to deregulated DNA replication including DNA re-replication, which can cause genome instability and tumorigenesis.(More)
Defects in the assembly of dolichol-linked oligosaccharide or its transfer to proteins result in severe, multi-system human diseases called Type I congenital disorders of glycosylation. We have identified a novel CDG type, CDG-Ij, resulting from deficiency in UDP-GlcNAc: dolichol phosphate N-acetyl-glucosamine-1 phosphate transferase (GPT) activity encoded(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the role of the ribosomal protein S6 protein kinase (p70S6K), a protein synthesis regulator, in promoting retinal neuronal cell survival. Differentiated R28 rat retinal neuronal cells were used as an experimental model. Cells were maintained in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium supplemented with 10% newborn calf(More)
Upon DNA damage, replication is inhibited by the S-phase checkpoint. ATR (ataxia telangiectasia mutated- and Rad3-related) is specifically involved in the inhibition of replicon initiation when cells are treated with DNA damage-inducing agents that stall replication forks, but the mechanism by which it acts to prevent replication is not yet fully(More)