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BACKGROUND AND AIM Environmental factors such as food, lifestyle and prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection are widely different in Asian countries compared with the West, and physiological functions and genetic factors of Asians may also be different from those of Westerners. Establishing an Asian consensus for functional dyspepsia is crucial in order(More)
Dyspepsia is a syndrome consisting of epigastric pain, burning, fullness, discomfort, early satiety, nausea, vomiting and belching. Functional dyspepsia (FD) is diagnosed if upper gastrointestinal endoscopy does not show structural abnormality explaining these symptoms. 8%-30% and 8%-23% of Asian people suffer from of uninvestigated dyspepsia and FD,(More)
BACKGROUND Heparanase facilitates the invasion and metastasis of cancer cells, and is over-expressed in many kinds of malignancies. Our studies indicated that heparanase was frequently expressed in advanced gastric cancers. The aim of this study is to determine whether silencing of heparanase expression can abolish the malignant characteristics of gastric(More)
This paper advocates a new paradigm, called bag-of-feature-graphs (BoFG), for non-rigid shape retrieval. It represents a shape by constructing graphs among its features, which significantly reduces the number of points involved in computation. Given a vocabulary of geometric words, for each word the BoFG builds a graph that records spatial information of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Mesenteric afferent nerves (MANs) play a pivotal role in the visceral-nociceptive perception. Inappropriate activation of MANs may be involved in the pathogenesis of post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome (PI-IBS). However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We assessed the effects of mucosal mediators from different bowel segments(More)
Objective. To acquire more data about the epidemiologic characteristics of constipation in different kinds of populations in China. Methods. Using "constipation" and "China" as search terms; relevant papers were searched from January 1995 to April 2014. Data on prevalence, gender, diagnostic criteria, geographical area, educational class, age, race, and(More)
Trichinella spiralis infection in rodents is a well-known model of intestinal inflammation associated with hypermotility. Our aim was to elucidate if Th17 cells were involved in the development of gastrointestinal hypermotility in this experimental model. Intestinal inflammation was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Jejunal smooth muscle(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Synaptic plasticity plays an important role in affecting the intensity of visceral reflex. It may also be involved in the development of visceral hypersensitivity. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of synaptic plasticity on visceral hypersensitivity of rats infected by Trichinella spiralis. METHODS Thirty male(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic gastritis is one of the most common findings at upper endoscopy in the general population, and chronic atrophic gastritis is epidemiologically associated with the occurrence of gastric cancer. However, the current status of diagnosis and treatment of chronic gastritis in China is unclear. METHODS A multi-center national study was(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Most recent studies using high-resolution manometry were based on supine liquid swallows. This study was to evaluate the differences in esophageal motility for liquid and solid swallows in the upright and supine positions, and to determine the percentages of motility abnormalities in different states. METHODS Twenty-four asymptomatic(More)