Xiaohua Chen

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The KZN strain family of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a highly virulent strain endemic to the KwaZulu-Natal region of South Africa, which has recently experienced an outbreak of extensively-drug resistant tuberculosis. To investigate the causes and evolution of drug-resistance, we determined the DNA sequences of several clinical isolates--one(More)
The publication of the complete genome sequence for Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv in 1998 has had a great impact on the research community. Nonetheless, it is suspected that genetic differences have arisen in stocks of H37Rv that are maintained in different laboratories. In order to assess the consistency of the genome sequences among H37Rv strains in(More)
Virtualization is a term that refers to the abstraction of computer resources. The purpose of virtual computing environment is to improve resource utilization by providing a unified integrated operating platform for users and applications based on aggregation of heterogeneous and autonomous resources. More recently, virtualization at all levels (system(More)
The complete genome sequence of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens type strain DSM7(T) is presented. A comparative analysis between the genome sequences of the plant associated strain FZB42 (Chen et al., 2007) with the genome of B. amyloliquefaciens DSM7(T) revealed obvious differences in the variable part of the genomes, whilst the core genomes were found to be(More)
The Beijing genotype of M. tuberculosis is a virulent strain that is disseminating worldwide and has a strong association with drug resistance. In the Western Cape of South Africa, epidemiological studies have identified the R220 cluster of the Beijing genotype as a major contributor to a recent outbreak of drug-resistant tuberculosis. Although the outbreak(More)
Although Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) preparations have long history with successful applications, the scientific and systematic quality assessment of TCM preparations mainly focuses on chemical constituents and is far from comprehensive. There are currently only few primitive studies on assessment of biological ingredients in TCM preparations. Here,(More)
Copper response regulator 1 (CRR1), an SBP-domain transcription factor, is a global regulator of nutritional copper signaling in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and activates genes necessary during periods of copper deficiency. We localized Chlamydomonas CRR1 to the nucleus in mustard (Sinapis alba) seedlings, a location consistent with its function as a(More)
The origin of metal ion selectivity by members of the SmtB/ArsR family of bacterial metal-sensing transcriptional repressors and the mechanism of negative allosteric regulation of DNA binding is poorly understood. Here, we report that two homologous zinc sensors, Staphylococcus aureus CzrA and cyanobacterial SmtB, are "winged" helix homodimeric DNA-binding(More)
An anaerobic, extremely thermophilic, and cellulose- and xylan-degrading bacterium F32 was isolated from biocompost. Sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA gene of this strain showed that it was closely related to Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus DSM 8903 (99.0% identity). Physiological and biochemical data also supported that identification of strain F32 as(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of different inoculum sources on the rice straw anaerobic digestion. Six different digestates (DM, SM, CM, MS, AGS and PS) were applied as inoculums and their effects were evaluated in batch reactors. The results indicated that digested manures were more suitable than sludge. Reactors inoculated with digested(More)