Xiaohong Fang

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To assess the toxicity of copper nanoparticles (23.5 nm) in vivo, LD(50), morphological changes, pathological examinations and blood biochemical indexes of experimental mice are studied comparatively with micro-copper particles (17 microm) and cupric ions (CuCl(2).2H(2)O). The LD(50) for the nano-, micro-copper particles and cupric ions exposed to mice via(More)
The integrative nuclear FGFR1 signaling (INFS) pathway functions in association with cellular growth, differentiation, and regulation of gene expression, and is activated by diverse extracellular signals. Here we show that stimulation of angiotensin II (AII) receptors, depolarization, or activation protein kinase C (PKC) or adenylate cyclase all lead to(More)
PIP2;1 is an integral membrane protein that facilitates water transport across plasma membranes. To address the dynamics of Arabidopsis thaliana PIP2;1 at the single-molecule level as well as their role in PIP2;1 regulation, we tracked green fluorescent protein-PIP2;1 molecules by variable-angle evanescent wave microscopy and fluorescence correlation(More)
A novel signaling mechanism is described through which extracellular signals and intracellular signaling pathways regulate proliferation, growth, differentiation, and other functions of cells in the nervous system. Upon cell stimulation, fibroblast growth factor receptor-1 (FGFR1), a typically plasma membrane-associated protein, is released from ER(More)
The catenin ARVCF is a member of the p120(ctn) subfamily of Armadillo proteins. A number of catenins directly bind cadherin cytoplasmic tails, contributing to the modulation of cell-cell adhesion and motility processes. Some catenins, such as beta-catenin (and likely p120(ctn)), have additional roles within signaling pathways regulating gene transcription.(More)
In integrative nuclear fibroblast growth factor receptor-1 (FGFR1) signaling a newly synthesized FGFR1 translocates to the nucleus to stimulate cell differentiation and associated gene activities. The present study shows that FGFR1 accumulates and interacts with the transcriptional co-activator CREB-binding protein (CBP) in nuclear speckle domains in the(More)
Liver cancer is the third most deadly cancers in the world. Unfortunately, there is no effective treatment. One of the major problems is that most cancers are diagnosed in the later stage, when surgical resection is not feasible. Thus, accurate early diagnosis would significantly improve the clinical outcome of liver cancer. Currently, there are no(More)
We have investigated the capability of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) to penetrate the cell wall and cell membrane of intact plant cells. Confocal fluorescence images revealed the cellular uptake of both SWNT/fluorescein isothiocyanate and SWNT/DNA conjugates, demonstrating that SWNTs also hold great promise as nanotransporters for walled plant(More)
AIMS Intercellular interactions between cardiomyocytes (CMs) and cardiofibroblasts (FBs) are important in the physiological and pathophysiological heart. Understanding such interactions is important for developing effective heart disease therapies. However, until recently, little has been known about these interactions. We aimed to investigate structural(More)
Influences of substrate stiffness on mechanical properties of cardiac myocytes and fibroblasts were investigated by cell elasticity measurement with atomic force microscopy. The cells were cultured on collagen-coated polyacrylamide substrates with gradient rigidity. While cardiac myocytes showed no evident change in cell elasticity on different substrates,(More)