Xiaoheng Zhang

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Machine Translation (MT) need not be confined to inter-language activities. In this paper, we discuss inter-dialect MT in general and Cantonese-Mandarin MT in particular. Mandarin and Cantonese are two most important dialects of Chinese. The former is the national lingua franca and the latter is the most influential dialect in South China, Hong Kong and(More)
We analyse 446 location decisions of foreign affiliates in the R&D sector incorporated in the European Union over 1999-2006. Our results suggest that on average, the location probability increases with market potential, agglomeration economies, R&D intensity and proximity to centres of research excellence. It appears that the European Union’s regional(More)
This paper avails of the multinational-level Amadeus dataset to study the dynamics of the European pharmaceutical industry in the Single Market Programme era: 1990-2004. Our unit of investigations are multinationals that every period decide whether to expand or not, by capturing at least one of the arisen opportunities. By using a dynamic panel probit(More)
Objective This study was performed to identify the differences in clinical characteristics, operative methods, complications, and postoperative hospitalization stays for adults with esophageal foreign bodies with different durations of time from ingestion to effective treatment. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 221 patients with a(More)
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YES is a simplified stroke-based method for sorting Chinese characters. It is free from stroke counting and grouping, and thus much faster and more accurate than the traditional method. This paper presents a collation element table built in YES for a large joint Chinese character set covering (a) all 20,902 characters of Unicode CJK Unified Ideographs, (b)(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to investigate the incidence and natural history of secretory otitis media(SOM) and hearing loss in newborns and infants with cleft palate, consequently, define its audiological criteria and to predict SOM early. METHOD Seventy-three newborns and infants with a cleft palate (146 ears) were monthly estimated by(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to discuss possibility and factors influencing healing effect for simultaneously tympanoplasty of chronic suppurative otitis media with cholesteatoma and/or granulation tissue. METHOD For 52 cases with chronic suppurative otitis media with cholesteatoma (30 ears) and/or granulation tissue (22 ears), cleaning lesion with(More)