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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to investigate the incidence and natural history of secretory otitis media(SOM) and hearing loss in newborns and infants with cleft palate, consequently, define its audiological criteria and to predict SOM early. METHOD Seventy-three newborns and infants with a cleft palate (146 ears) were monthly estimated by(More)
Objective This study was performed to identify the differences in clinical characteristics, operative methods, complications, and postoperative hospitalization stays for adults with esophageal foreign bodies with different durations of time from ingestion to effective treatment. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 221 patients with a(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to discuss possibility and factors influencing healing effect for simultaneously tympanoplasty of chronic suppurative otitis media with cholesteatoma and/or granulation tissue. METHOD For 52 cases with chronic suppurative otitis media with cholesteatoma (30 ears) and/or granulation tissue (22 ears), cleaning lesion with(More)
This paper avails of the multinational-level Amadeus dataset to study the dynamics of the European pharmaceutical industry in the Single Market Programme era: 1990-2004. Our unit of investigations are multina-tionals that every period decide whether to expand or not, by capturing at least one of the arisen opportunities. By using a dynamic panel probit(More)
We analyse 446 location decisions of foreign affiliates in the R&D sector incorporated in the European Union over 1999-2006. Our results suggest that on average, the location probability increases with market potential, agglomeration economies, R&D intensity and proximity to centres of research excellence. It appears that the European Union's regional(More)