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Patients with locally advanced/inflammatory breast cancer (LABC/IBC) face a high likelyhood of recurrence and prognosis for relapsed, or de novo stage IV metastatic breast cancer (MBC) remains poor. Estrogen (ER) and HER2 receptor expression on primary or MBC allow targeted therapies, but an estimated 10–18% of tumors do not exhibit these biomarkers and(More)
IL-2 induces growth, differentiation, and/or apoptosis of lymphoid cells. To study further the molecular basis of IL-2 function, we used a cDNA subtraction approach involving a cell line grown in IL-2 or IL-4. From the corresponding library, 66 nonredundant sequences were characterized; 16 of them encode identified proteins. The kinetics of in vitro(More)
Mutations in the tumor-suppressor gene phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (Pten) are associated with multiple cancers in humans, including T cell malignancies. Targeted deletion of Pten in T cells induces both a disseminated "mature phenotype" lymphoma and a lymphoproliferative autoimmune syndrome in mice. Here, we have shown that these(More)
BACKGROUND Bacteriophage could be an alternative to conventional antibiotic therapy against multidrug-resistant bacteria. However, the emergence of resistant variants after phage treatment limited its therapeutic application. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In this study, an approach, named "Step-by-Step" (SBS), has been established. This method takes(More)
LysGH15, a phage endolysin, exhibits a particularly broad lytic spectrum against Staphylococcus aureus, especially methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Sequence analysis reveals that this endolysin contains a C-terminal cell wall binding domain (SH3b), which causes the endolysin to bind to host strains. In this study, the substrate binding affinity of(More)
The lysin LysGH15, which is derived from the staphylococcal phage GH15, demonstrates a wide lytic spectrum and strong lytic activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Here, we find that the lytic activity of the full-length LysGH15 and its CHAP domain is dependent on calcium ions. To elucidate the molecular mechanism, the(More)
GH15 is a polyvalent phage that shows activity against a wide range of Staphylococcus aureus strains. In this work, the complete genome sequence of GH15 was determined. With a genome size of 139,806 bp (double-stranded DNA), GH15 is the largest staphylococcal phage sequenced to date. The complete genome encodes 214 open reading frames (ORFs) and 4 tRNAs.(More)
This paper discusses the state feedback H<sub>&#x0221E;</sub> control for a class of nonlinear system based on its L<sub>2</sub> gain computation, where the technique of the sum of squares decomposition is applied. By reformulating the Hamilton-Jacobin inequality as a linear semi-definite optimization problem, the L<sub>2</sub> gain of the considered(More)
Previous studies have suggested that B cell Ag receptor (BCR) down-regulation by potentially pathological autoreactive B cells is associated with pathways leading to developmental arrest and receptor editing, or anergy. In this study we compare the primary development of B cells in two strains of mice expressing transgenic BCRs that differ by a single amino(More)