Xiaohao Yang

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We report the structure of methylammonium lead(II) iodide perovskite in mesoporous TiO2, as used in high-performance solar cells. Pair distribution function analysis of X-ray scattering reveals a two component nanostructure: one component with medium range crystalline order (30 atom %) and another with only local structural coherence (70 atom %). The(More)
The atomic pair distribution function (PDF) analysis of X-ray powder diffraction data has been used to study the structure of small and ultra-small CdSe nanoparticles. A method is described that uses a wurtzite and zinc-blende mixed phase model to account for stacking faults in CdSe particles. The mixed-phase model successfully describes the structure of(More)
Discovery of new complex oxides that exhibit both magnetic and ferroelectric properties is of great interest for the design of functional magnetoelectrics, in which research is driven by the technologically exciting prospect of controlling charges by magnetic fields and spins by applied voltages, for sensors, 4-state logic, and spintronics. Motivated by the(More)
Luminescent semiconducting quantum dots (QDs) are central to emerging technologies that range from tissue imaging to solid-state lighting. However, existing samples are heterogeneous, which has prevented atomic-resolution determination of their structures and obscured the relationship between their atomic and electronic structures. Here we report the(More)
The atomic structure of Ni-Pd nanoparticles has been studied using atomic pair distribution function (PDF) analysis of X-ray total scattering data and with transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Larger nanoparticles have PDFs corresponding to the bulk face-centered cubic packing. However, the smallest nanoparticles have PDFs that strongly resemble those(More)
An emerging theme of modern composites and devices is the coupling of nanostructural properties of materials with their targeted arrangement at the microscale. Of the imaging techniques developed that provide insight into such designer materials and devices, those based on diffraction are particularly useful. However, to date, these have been heavily(More)
The PDFgetXgui software program is described. It is for obtaining and visualizing atomic pair distribution functions (PDF) from X-ray powder diffraction data. It provides a convenient GUI for the PDFgetX3 program allowing the user to easily obtain PDFs from raw 1D powder diffraction patterns. It is specially useful for working with large numbers of datasets(More)
This paper describes a methodology for semi-supervised learning of dialogue acts using the similarity between sentences. We suppose that the dialogue sentences with the same dialogue act are more similar in terms of semantic and syntactic information. However, previous work on sentence similarity mainly modeled a sentence as bag-of-words and then compared(More)