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Therapeutic genome editing technology has been widely used as a powerful tool for directly correcting genetic mutations in target pathological tissues and cells to cure of diseases. The modification of specific genomic sequences can be achieved by utilizing programmable nucleases, such as Meganucleases, zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic, inflammatory, and autoimmune disorder. Gut microbiota play an important role in the etiology of RA. With the considerable progress made in next-generation sequencing techniques, the identified gut microbiota difference between RA patients and healthy individuals provides an updated overview of the association between(More)
Emerging evidence indicates that the dysregulation of protein ubiquitination plays a crucial role in aging-associated diseases. Smad-dependent canonical BMP signaling pathway is indispensable for osteoblastic bone formation, which could be disrupted by the ubiquitination and subsequent proteasomal degradation of Smad1/5, the key molecules for BMP signaling(More)
Aptamers are short DNA/RNA oligonucleotides capable of binding to target molecules with high affinity and specificity. The process of selecting an aptamer is called Systematic Evolution of Ligands by Exponential Enrichment (SELEX). Thanks to the inherit merits, aptamers have been used in a wide range of applications, including disease diagnosis, targeted(More)
Weighted patch representation of the target object has been proven to be effective for suppressing the background effects in visual tracking. In this paper, we propose a novel approach, called spatially Regularized Graph Learning (ReGLe), to automatically explore the intrinsic relationship among patches both with global and local cues for robust object(More)
Exosomes are endosomal-derived vesicles secreted by a wide range of cell types for transporting functional proteins, microRNAs (miRNAs) and messenger RNAs (mRNA) from their parental cells to affect the recipient cells. Emerging evidence indicates that exosomes also play an important role in the intercellular communication among the bone cells, that is,(More)
Osteosarcoma (OS) is a highly aggressive pediatric cancer, characterized by frequent lung metastasis and pathologic bone destruction. Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), highly expressed in OS, not only contributes to angiogenesis within the tumor microenvironment via paracrine stimulation of vascular endothelial cells, but also acts as an(More)
The underlying mechanism of the reduced bone formation during the development of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO) remains unclear. Here, we found that the highly expressed CKIP-1 together with lowly expressed total and phosphorylated Smad1/5 in bone samples was accompanied by either the reduced serum bone formation markers in GIO patients or the(More)
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