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The vanilloid receptor (VR1) protein functions both as a receptor for capsaicin and a transducer of noxious thermal stimuli. To determine the expression and targetting of this protein, we have generated antisera against both the amino and carboxy termini of VR1. Within the dorsal root and trigeminal ganglia of rats, VR1-immunoreactivity (VR1-ir) was(More)
We examined the cellular and subcellular distribution of the cloned kappa opioid receptor (KOR1) and its trafficking to the presynaptic plasma membrane in vasopressin magnocellular neurosecretory neurons. We used immunohistochemistry to show that KOR1 immunoreactivity (IR) colocalized with vasopressin-containing cell bodies, axons, and axon terminals within(More)
Deprivation of vibrissae from an early age causes plasticity in S1 barrel cortex. This method of deprivation is most likely to induce plasticity by altering the balance of primary afferent activity from the deprived and spared vibrissae. To study whether or not induction or expression of this type of plasticity might be affected by follicle nerve injury(More)
Plasticity was studied in the barrel cortex of rats and mice. Vibrissae deprivation in adult and adolescent animals caused changes in the response properties of cortical neurons to stimulation of spared and deprived vibrissae. Plasticity involved both potentiation of spared vibrissae responses and depression of deprived vibrissae responses in layer II/III(More)
P2X receptors on dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons have been strongly implicated in pathological nociception after peripheral nerve injuries or inflammation. However, nothing is known of a role for purinergic receptors in neuropathic pain produced by a chronic compression of DRG (CCD) - an injury that may accompany an intraforaminal stenosis, a laterally(More)
The relationship between the cloned kappa opioid receptor, dynorphin, and the neurohypophysial hormones vasopressin and oxytocin was analysed in the guinea-pig hypothalamic magnocellular neurosecretory neurons. This analysis was performed in order to understand better which population of neuroendocrine neurons in the guinea-pig is modulated by kappa opioid(More)
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth most common cancer in the world. The evolution and progression of HNSCC are considered to result from multiple stepwise alterations of cellular and molecular pathways in squamous epithelium. Recently, inhibitor of growth gene (ING) family consisting of five genes, ING1 to ING5, was identified as a(More)
To investigate the pathobiological behaviors of gastric mixed-type (MT) carcinomas and gastric carcinogenesis, the clinicopathological characteristics of MT carcinomas were analyzed and compared with intestinal-type (IT) and diffuse-type (DT) carcinomas. The expression of Ki-67, caspase-3, p53, fragile histine triad (FHIT), maspin, extracellular matrix(More)
Infiltration of myeloid cells in the tumor microenvironment is often associated with enhanced angiogenesis and tumor progression, resulting in poor prognosis in many types of cancer. The polypeptide chemokine PK2 (Bv8, PROK2) has been shown to regulate myeloid cell mobilization from the bone marrow, leading to activation of the angiogenic process, as well(More)
Stroke causes brain dysfunction and neuron death, and the lack of effective therapies heightens the need for new therapeutic targets. Here we identify prokineticin 2 (PK2) as a mediator for cerebral ischemic injury. PK2 is a bioactive peptide initially discovered as a regulator of gastrointestinal motility. Multiple biological roles for PK2 have been(More)