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A novel, high sensitive, and specific DNA assay based on gold nanoparticle (AuNP) colorimetric detection and hybridization chain reaction (HCR) amplification has been demonstrated in this article. Two hairpin auxiliary probes were designed with single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) sticky ends which stabilize AuNPs and effectively prevent them from salt-induced(More)
An aptamer screening method using a positive and negative selection units integrated microfluidic chip was introduced. Here, myoglobin (Myo), one of the early markers to increase after acute myocardial infarction, was used as the model. After 7-round selection, the aptamers, which exhibited dissociation constants (K(d)) in the nanomolar range (from 4.93 to(More)
Going in vivo, including living cells and the whole body, is very important for gaining a better understanding of the mystery of life and requires specialized imaging techniques. The diversity, composition, and temporal-spatial variation of life activities from cells to the whole body require the analysis techniques to be fast-response, noninvasive, highly(More)
A sensitive method for rapid angiogenin (Ang) detection based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) has been described. A dual-labeled probe based on high affinity aptamer for Ang was constructed. As donor and acceptor, 6-carboxyfluorescein (FAM) and 6-carboxy-tetramethylrhodamine (TMR) were labeled at 5'- and 3'-termini of the aptamer probe,(More)
Aptamers have emerged as promising molecular probes for in vivo cancer imaging, but the reported "always-on" aptamer probes remain problematic because of high background and limited contrast. To address this problem, we designed an activatable aptamer probe (AAP) targeting membrane proteins of living cancer cells and achieved contrast-enhanced cancer(More)
Here we have developed a sensitive DNA amplified detection method based on isothermal strand-displacement polymerization reaction. This method takes advantage of both the hybridization property of DNA and the strand-displacement property of polymerase. Importantly, we demonstrate that our method produces a circular polymerization reaction activated by the(More)
Angiogenin is a potent angiogenic factor that is known to play an important role in tumor angiogenesis. In this paper, we investigate the cellular internalization of angiogenin conjugated with its highly specific aptamer. By using fluorophore-labeled aptamer and confocal laser scanning microscopy, we have developed a novel and simple method by which to(More)
Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) roots exude a potent bioherbicide sorgoleone. Previous work indicates that sorgoleone is produced in living root hairs. We have developed a mist system that resulted in abundant production of root hairs exuding sorgoleone and a mat system that significantly inhibited root hair development and consequently sorgoleone production.(More)