Xiaofeng Yang

Learn More
Settled house dust (SHD) may be a significant source of children's indoor exposure to hazardous substances including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In this study, organic extracts of sieved vacuum cleaner dust from 51 homes were examined for the presence of 13 PAHs via GC/MS. PAHs were found in all samples with levels of total PAHs ranging between(More)
PURPOSE The antiepileptic drug levetiracetam (LEV) is an enigma. Despite the fact that it specifically binds to the presynaptic vesicle protein, SV2A, no satisfactory mechanism of action has yet been identified. Using a combination of electrophysiological and cellular imaging techniques, we carefully tested the hypothesis that LEV directly interferes with(More)
Cancer stem cells have been isolated from human gliomas and many other parenchymal tumors. It was previously assumed that many established malignant cell lines also contain a rare subpopulation of stem cells. This study was designed to investigate the fraction of cancer stem cells in the C6 glioma cell line using clonal and population analyses, rather than(More)
Leptin is a hormone that reduces excitability in some hypothalamic neurons via leptin receptor activation of the JAK2 and PI3K intracellular signaling pathways. We hypothesized that leptin receptor activation in other neuronal subtypes would have anticonvulsant activity and that intranasal leptin delivery would be an effective route of administration. We(More)
RATIONALE Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) accelerates atherosclerosis and increases inflammatory monocytes (MC) in peripheral tissues. However, its causative role in atherosclerosis is not well established and its effect on vascular inflammation has not been studied. The underlying mechanism is unknown. OBJECTIVE This study examined the causative role of HHcy(More)
Recent studies show that mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathways are two pivotal roles contributing to the development of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). The present study aimed to investigate the protective effect of kaempferol (Kae), a naturally occurring flavonoid compound,(More)
PURPOSE The therapy for focal neocortical epilepsy remains suboptimal. We have, therefore, worked to develop techniques to cool small regions of the neocortical surface for seizure mapping and, ultimately, for long-term suppression of focal seizures. METHODS We induced focal neocortical seizures in halothane-anesthetized rats by the microinjection of(More)
ARA290 is a nonerythropoietic analog of erythropoietin (EPO) containing 11 amino acids which provides the anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects of EPO without stimulating hematopoiesis. Here we studied the therapeutic effects of ARA290 in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) Lewis rats. Therapeutic (from Day 7 to Day 18 or from Day 9 to(More)
We previously reported that hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy), an independent risk factor of coronary artery disease (CAD), is associated with increased atherosclerosis and decreased plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in cystathionine beta-synthase-/apolipoprotein E-deficient (CBS(-/-)/apoE(-/-)) mice. We observed that plasma homocysteine (Hcy)(More)
We reported previously that homocysteine (Hcy) inhibits endothelial cell (EC) growth by transcriptional inhibition of the cyclin A gene via a hypomethylation-related mechanism. In this study, we examined the effect of Hcy on epigenetic modification of the cyclin A gene and its biologic role in human ECs. Cyclin A mRNA levels were significantly suppressed by(More)