Xiaofeng Yan

Learn More
We prepared and characterized the inclusion complexes of daidzein with poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) and poly(propylene imine) (PPI) dendrimers. Aqueous solubility of daidzein was significantly enhanced by both PAMAM and PPI (186- and 650-fold at 0.36mM, respectively). Daidzein in G3 PAMAM solution is more stable than that in G4 PPI. NMR studies reveal the(More)
BACKGROUND Neural networks that regulate binge eating remain to be identified, and effective treatments for binge eating are limited. METHODS We combined neuroanatomic, pharmacologic, electrophysiological, Cre-lox, and chemogenetic approaches to investigate the functions of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) 2C receptor (5-HT2CR) expressed by dopamine (DA)(More)
Engineering oilseed crops for industrial purposes requires a suitable crop that does not outcross to any food oilseed crop, thus eliminating problems of gene flow. Crambe abyssinica is such a dedicated crop as it does not hybridize with any existing food oilseed crops. However, lack of regeneration and transformation protocols has limited the use of C.(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been characterized as a critical factor in the development and progression of multiple solid tumors, including head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, monotherapy with EGFR-specific agents has not been as dramatic as preclinical studies have suggested. Since complex regulation of the EGFR signaling(More)
Binge eating afflicts approximately 5% of US adults, though effective treatments are limited. Here, we showed that estrogen replacement substantially suppresses binge-like eating behavior in ovariectomized female mice. Estrogen-dependent inhibition of binge-like eating was blocked in female mice specifically lacking estrogen receptor-α (ERα) in serotonin(More)
Bio-waste cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) stalks were converted into succinic acid by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) using Actinobacillus succinogenes 130Z. After 54 h SSF at 40 °C and pH 7.0, the production of succinic acid was 63 g/L, with 1.17 g/L/h productivity and 64% conversion yield. After SSF, a simple method for the(More)
PURPOSE To examine prescription trends and patterns in five antihypertensive drug classes during 2007 - 2012 in China. METHODS A retrospective time series data was investigated from 2007 to 2012. Prescription data of five classes of antihypertensive drugs (calcium channel blockers (CCBs), angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), angiotensin-converting enzyme(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Most forms of human obesity are characterized by impaired leptin sensitivity and, therefore, the effectiveness of anti-obesity leptin therapy in these leptin-resistant obese patients is marginal. Hence, the development of strategies to increase leptin sensitivity is of high priority in the field of obesity research. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
Estrogen receptor-α (ERα) activity in the brain prevents obesity in both males and females. However, the ERα-expressing neural populations that regulate body weight remain to be fully elucidated. Here we showed that single-minded-1 (SIM1) neurons in the medial amygdala (MeA) express abundant levels of ERα. Specific deletion of the gene encoding ERα (Esr1)(More)
Estrogen receptor-α (ERα) expressed by hypothalamic proopiomelanocortin and steroidogenic factor-1 neurons largely mediates the antiobesity effects of estrogens in females. However, the critical molecular events that are coupled to ERα and mediate estrogenic effects on energy balance remain unknown. In the current study, we demonstrated that steroid(More)