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—Robust streaming of video over 802.11 wireless local area networks poses many challenges, including coping with bandwidth variations, data losses, and heterogeneity of the receivers. Currently, each network layer (including physical layer, media access control (MAC), transport, and application layers) provides a separate solution to these challenges by(More)
Robust streaming of video over 802.11 Wireless Local Area Networks (WLAN) poses many challenges, including coping with bandwidth variations, data losses and heterogeneity of the receivers. Currently, each network layer (including physical layer, media access control, transport, and application layers) provides a separate solution to these challenges by(More)
A large number of neuroanatomical, neurophysiologic, and neurochemical mechanisms are thought to contribute to the development and maintenance of neuropathic pain. However, mechanisms responsible for neuropathic pain have not been completely delineated. It has been demonstrated that neuropeptide galanin (Gal) is upregulated after injury in the dorsal root(More)
Diabetic neuropathy is a common complication associated with diabetes and is frequently painful. However, mechanisms responsible for diabetic neuropathic pain are still unclear. Experimental evidence has shown that the galanin and its receptor are involved in pain sensitization. The objective of the present study was to investigate the role of galanin and(More)
For wireless sensor networks (WSNs), many factors, such as mutual interference of wireless links, battlefield applications and nodes exposed to the environment without good physical protection, result in the sensor nodes being more vulnerable to be attacked and compromised. In order to address this network security problem, a novel trust evaluation(More)
Deep saline aquifers are one of the most suitable geologic formations for carbon sequestration. The linear and global stability analysis of the time-dependent density-driven convection in deep saline aquifers is presented for long-term storage of carbon dioxide (CO 2). The convective mixing that can greatly accelerate the CO 2 dissolution into saline(More)
In wireless sensor networks (WSNs), there are numerous factors that may cause network congestion problems, such as the many-to-one communication modes, mutual interference of wireless links, dynamic changes of network topology and the memory-restrained characteristics of nodes. All these factors result in a network being more vulnerable to congestion. In(More)
When charge carriers are spatially confined to one dimension, conventional Fermi-liquid theory breaks down. In such Tomonaga-Luttinger liquids, quasiparticles are replaced by distinct collective excitations of spin and charge that propagate independently with different velocities. Although evidence for spin-charge separation exists, no bulk low-energy probe(More)
Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 20 is a neurotrophic factor that exerts strong neurotrophic properties in the brain and could significantly enhance the survival of rat midbrain dopaminergic neurons. The genetic association of the FGF20 gene with Parkinson's disease (PD) remains controversial. We used the polymerase chain reaction-restriction length(More)