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Photosensitized oxidation of the eye lens proteins, the crystallins, is thought to lead to protein crosslinks and high molecular weight aggregates. Such protein modifications may be important factors in the formation of lens opacities or cataracts. We focus attention here on type 2 photo-oxidation involving the reaction of singlet oxygen (1O2) with(More)
Congenital nuclear cataracts transmitted by an autosomal dominant gene are present in a line of strain 13/N guinea-pigs. Studies on the lens proteins from these animals demonstrate changes in both the composition and structure of the crystallins relative to normal controls. The most prominent difference is in the zeta-crystallin, a taxon-specific crystallin(More)
Crystallins are the soluble structural proteins that constitute approximately 90% of the dry mass of the eye lens. The present study attempts to elucidate possible mechanisms whereby the H2O2 present in the eye could contribute to the oxidative modification of lens crystallins. The data indicate that exposure of solutions of crystallins to H2O2 and(More)
Isocitrate dehydrogenase1 (IDH1) is of great importance in cell metabolism and energy conversion. However, alterations in IDH1 in response to stress and excise-regulated mechanisms are not well described. Here we investigated gene expression profiles under ER stress in melanoma cells and found that IDH1 was dramatically increased with ER stress induced by(More)
Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is an important metabolic enzyme of schistosomes present in the musculature and on the surface of the blood stage where it has been implicated in the modulation of glucose scavenging from mammalian host blood. As both a target for the antischistosomal drug metrifonate and as a potential vaccine candidate, AChE has been(More)
Lenses from young rhesus monkeys were incubated in the presence of H2O2 or oxygen radical generating systems to determine their suitability as a model for investigating lenticular oxidative stress. Additionally, direct comparisons were made between the effects found with the monkey lenses and those observed with cultured rat lenses exposed to the same(More)
BACKGROUND Schistosomiasis is a disease caused by parasitic worms and more than 200 million people are infected worldwide. The emergence of resistance to the most commonly used drug, praziquantel (PZQ), makes the development of novel drugs an urgent task. 3-oxoacyl-ACP reductase (OAR), a key enzyme involved in the fatty acid synthesis pathway, has been(More)