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PURPOSE Although targeted therapies against HER2 have been one of the most successful therapeutic strategies for breast cancer, patients eventually developed acquired resistance from compensatory upregulation of alternate HERs and mitogen-activated protein kinase-phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mTOR signaling. As we and others have shown that the(More)
Tumor cell survival consists of an intricate balance between cell growth and cell death pathways involving receptor tyrosine kinases [RTK; i.e., HER1-4, insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R), etc.], MDM2, and the tumor suppressor proteins phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN) and p53. We recently demonstrated that shedded(More)
Automatic recognition or classification of medical image modality can provide valuable information for medical image retrieval and analysis. In this paper, we discuss an application of SVM ensemble classifiers to the problem, and explore a confidence indicator based late fusion method to resolve ambiguity across competing classes. Using a matrix of(More)
Personal health records (PHRs) provide patient-centric healthcare by making health records accessible to patients. In China, it is very difficult for individuals to access electronic health records. Instead, individuals can easily obtain the printed copies of their own medical records, such as prescriptions and lab test reports, from hospitals. In this(More)
Comparative effectiveness research (CER) is a scientific method of investigating the effectiveness of alternative intervention methods. In a CER study, clinical researchers typically start with a CER hypothesis, and aim to evaluate it by applying a series of medical statistical methods. Traditionally, the CER hypotheses are defined manually by clinical(More)
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