Learn More
Mycotoxins are considered to be significant contaminants of food and animal feed. Zearalenone (ZEA) is a hepatotoxic mycotoxin with estrogenic and anabolic activity found in cereal grains worldwide. ZEA affects hematological and immunological parameters in humans and rodents. The compound can induce cell death, cause lipid peroxidation, inhibit protein and(More)
Trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) is an oxidation product of trimethylamine (TMA) and is present in many aquatic foods. Here, we investigated the effects of TMAO on glucose tolerance in high fat diet (HFD)-fed mice. Male C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to the control, high fat (HF), and TMAO groups. The HF group was fed a diet containing 25% fat, and the(More)
Many small RNAs have been cloned from animal gonads, for example, endogenous small interfering RNAs (endo-siRNAs) were found in oocytes and piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) were found in testis. Gallus gallus (chicken) is an important model organism, but few small RNAs have been identified from its gonads. In this study, we isolated and cloned 156 small RNAs(More)
The polyene antibiotic natamycin is widely used as an antifungal agent in both human therapy and the food industry. Here we obtained four natamycin analogs with high titers, including two new compounds, by engineering of six post-polyketide synthase (PKS) tailoring enzyme encoding genes in a natamycin industrial producing strain, Streptomyces(More)
—Calibration of the spatial sensitivity functions of coil arrays is a crucial element in parallel magnetic resonance imaging (pMRI). The self-calibrating technique for sensitivity extraction has complemented the common calibration technique that uses a separate pre-scan. In order to improve the accuracy of sensitivity estimate from small number of(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neuroimmunological disorder characterized by central nervous system demyelination, axonal injury and loss. Considering the complexity of its aetiopathogenesis, early diagnosis of MS and individualized management are challenging in clinical practice. As the pathophysiologic and pharmacological indicators, studies on biomarkers in(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, non-coding RNAs that negatively regulate target genes. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in a miRNA sequence may alter miRNA expression and/or maturation, which was proposed to associate with the development and progression of cancer. The rs895819 polymorphism, located in the terminal loop of pre-miR-27a, has(More)
Over the past two decades, a striking increase in the number of people with metabolic syndrome (MS) has taken place worldwide. With the elevated risk of not only diabetes but also cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, there is urgent need for strategies to prevent this emerging global epidemic. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects(More)
In the swine industry pathogenic infections have a significant negative impact on neonatal survival. Piglets fed with human lysozyme, a natural antibiotic, might be more resistant to gastrointestinal infections. Here we describe the generation of transgenic swine expressing recombinant human lysozyme by somatic cell nuclear transfer. Three cloned female(More)
Ortho-phenylphenol (OPP) has been found to cause carcinomas in the urinary tract of rats. Since OPP is a potent genotoxic compound, and used as fungicides and antibacterial agents in fruits and fruit products, search for newer, better agents for protection against toxicity of OPP is required. In this study, the chemoprotective effect of hydroxytyrosol (HT)(More)