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—Calibration of the spatial sensitivity functions of coil arrays is a crucial element in parallel magnetic resonance imaging (pMRI). The self-calibrating technique for sensitivity extraction has complemented the common calibration technique that uses a separate pre-scan. In order to improve the accuracy of sensitivity estimate from small number of(More)
Two novel G3P[4] rotavirus strains were detected from children with acute diarrhea in Sendai, Japan, identified as a G3–P[4]–I2–R2–C2–M2–A2–N2–T2–E2–H2 genotype constellation by whole-genome sequence analysis. The VP7 gene of the two strains displayed the highest nucleotide sequence identity (91 %) and showed a close genetic relationship (99 % bootstrap(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, non-coding RNAs that negatively regulate target genes. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in a miRNA sequence may alter miRNA expression and/or maturation, which was proposed to associate with the development and progression of cancer. The rs895819 polymorphism, located in the terminal loop of pre-miR-27a, has(More)
Transgenic techniques in chickens have been developed much more slowly than in mammals due to chickens’ unique reproduction mechanism. Retroviral methods have been the most successful. piggyBac (PB) is a transposon that has a 13 bp perfect terminal invert repeat sequence. PB can be inserted into TTAA sites and can also be precisely excised in mammals.(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth common cancer and the third common cause of cancer mortality worldwide. However, the exact molecular mechanism of HCC remains uncertain. Many enzymes are involved in one-carbon metabolism (OCM), and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the corresponding genes may play a role in liver carcinogenesis. In this(More)
Over the past two decades, a striking increase in the number of people with metabolic syndrome (MS) has taken place worldwide. With the elevated risk of not only diabetes but also cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, there is urgent need for strategies to prevent this emerging global epidemic. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects(More)
BACKGROUND Postpartum visits (PPVs) have been advocated as a way to improve health outcomes for mothers and their infants, but the rate of PPVs is still low in rural China. This study aims to investigate the utilization of PPVs and to explore the factors associated with PPVs in rural China. Parity is the most concerned factor in this study. METHODS A(More)
BACKGROUND China in 2009 committed to reach universal health coverage by promoting three forms of health insurance; NCMS for the rural population, UEBMI for formally employed urban residents and URBMI for other urban residents. NCMS has expanded to near universal coverage in rural China since launching in 2003. The objective of this study aimed to assess(More)
Many small RNAs have been cloned from animal gonads, for example, endogenous small interfering RNAs (endo-siRNAs) were found in oocytes and piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) were found in testis. Gallus gallus (chicken) is an important model organism, but few small RNAs have been identified from its gonads. In this study, we isolated and cloned 156 small RNAs(More)
Fig. S1 (a) PL decays of YAG:Ce sample-1 (1030 o C, 3 h), (b) PL decay of YAG:Ce sample-1 (1080 o C, 3 h) and (c) PL decay of YAG:Ce sample-6 (1030 o C, 3 h) (λ ex = 454 nm, λ ex = 525 nm). The photoluminescence decay curves show that the fluorescence lifetimes of YAG:Ce samples with different Ce 3+ doping concentrations sintered at 1030 and 1080 o C.