Xiaodong Zhuang

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Development of efficient, low-cost and stable electrocatalysts as the alternative to platinum for the oxygen reduction reaction is of significance for many important electrochemical devices, such as fuel cells, metal-air batteries and chlor-alkali electrolysers. Here we report a highly active nitrogen-doped, carbon-based, metal-free oxygen reduction(More)
Optical limiting is an important application of nonlinear optics, useful for the protection of human eyes, optical elements, and optical sensors from intense laser pulses. An optical limiter is such a device that strongly attenuates high intensity light and potentially damaging light such as focused laser beams, whilst allowing for the high transmission of(More)
Binding of biomacromolecules to anionic lipids in the plasma membrane is a common motif in many cell signaling pathways. Previous work has shown that macromolecules with cationic sequences can form nanodomains with sequestered anionic lipids, which alters the lateral distribution and mobility of the membrane lipids. Such sequestration is believed to result(More)
As the thinnest material ever known in the universe, graphene has been attracting tremendous amount of attention in both materials science and condensed-matter physics since its successful isolation a few years ago. This one-atom-thick two-dimensional pseudo-infinite nano-crystal consists of sp(2)-hybridized aromatic carbon atoms covalently packed into a(More)
Tumor endothelial specific expression of Robo4 in adults identifies this plasma membrane protein as an anti-cancer target for immunotherapeutic approaches, such as vaccination. In this report, we describe how vaccination against Robo4 inhibits angiogenesis and tumor growth. To break tolerance to the auto-antigen Robo4, mice were immunised with the(More)
We have in recent years described several endothelial-specific genes that mediate cell migration. These include Robo4 (roundabout 4), CLEC14A (C-type lectin 14A) and ECSCR (endothelial cell-specific chemotaxis regulator) [formerly known as ECSM2 (endothelial cell-specific molecule 2)]. Loss of laminar shear stress induces Robo4 and CLEC14A expression and an(More)
The high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with on-line solid phase extraction (SPE) and ultraviolet (UV) detection was developed for determining andrographolide and dehydroandrographolide in rabbit plasma. Plasma samples (100 microL) were injected directly into a C18 SPE column and the biological matrix was washed out for 6 min using 15%(More)
Nitrogen-doped carbon nanosheets (NDCN) with size-defined mesopores are reported as highly efficient metal-free catalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). A uniform and tunable mesoporous structure of NDCN is prepared using a templating approach. Such controlled mesoporous structure in the NDCN exerts an essential influence on the electrocatalytic(More)
To achieve sustainable production of H2 fuel through water splitting, low-cost electrocatalysts for the hydrogen-evolution reaction (HER) and the oxygen-evolution reaction (OER) are required to replace Pt and IrO2 catalysts. Herein, for the first time, we present the interface engineering of novel MoS2 /Ni3 S2 heterostructures, in which abundant interfaces(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS This study aimed to investigate whether exogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) confered cardiac protection against high glucose (HG)-induced injury by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation via a specific TLR4/NF-κB pathway. METHODS H9c2 cardiac cells were exposed to 33 mM glucose for 24 h to induce HG-induced cytotoxicity. The cells were(More)