Xiaodong Zhou

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The molecular identification of ion channels in internal membranes has made scant progress compared with the study of plasma membrane ion channels. We investigated a prominent voltage-dependent, cation-selective, and calcium-activated vacuolar ion conductance of 320 pS (yeast vacuolar conductance, YVC1) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Here we report on a gene,(More)
Our previous patch-clamp studies showed that depolarization activates a K(+)-specific current in the plasma membrane of the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae [Gustin et al. (1986) Science 233, 1195-1197]. The Yeast Genome Sequencing Project has now uncovered on the left arm of chromosome X an open reading frame (ORF) that predicts a 77-kDa protein(More)
YKC1 (TOK1, DUK1, YORK) encodes the outwardly rectifying K+ channel of the yeast plasma membrane. Non-targeted mutations of YKC1 were isolated by their ability to completely block proliferation when expressed in yeast. All such mutations examined occurred near the cytoplasmic ends of the transmembrane segments following either of the duplicated P loops,(More)
Mechanosensitive ion channels use mechanical energy to gate the dissipation of electrochemical gradients across cell membranes. This function is fundamental to physiological processes such as hearing and touch. In electrophysiological studies of ion channels in the plasma membrane of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, channels were observed that were(More)
Bean leaf stomata provide a topographical signal that induces germlings of the phytopathogen Uromyces appendiculatus to develop specialized infection structures. Protoplasts from germ tubes of this fungus, when examined with patch-clamp electrodes, displayed the activities of a 600-picosiemen mechanosensitive ion channel. This channel passes a variety of(More)
The patch-clamp technique was used to examine the plasma membranes of sensitive yeast spheroplasts exposed to partially purified killer toxin preparations. Asolectin liposomes in which the toxin was incorporated were also examined. Excised inside-out patches from these preparations often revealed at 118 pS conductance appearing in pairs. The current through(More)
AIM To investigate whether human peripheral blood hematopoietic progenitor cells (PBPC) modified with human aldehyde dehydrogenase class-3 gene (ALDH-3) and multidrug resistance gene 1 (MDR1) would increase chemotherapy resistance to 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4-HC) and -glycoprotein effluxed drugs. METHODS A bicistronic retroviral vector(More)
Transgenic mice that over-express connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in fibroblasts under the control of an enhancer/promoter element of the Col1a2 gene (Col1a2-CTGF) recapitulate multiorgan fibrosis similar to fibrosis observed in Scleroderma (SSc). In this study we investigate the regulation of secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (Sparc) and(More)
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