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It has been reported that the variants of the PDE4D (phosphodiesterase 4D) gene are associated with stroke, especially with the combination of cardio-embolic and carotid stroke in the Icelandic population, but it is still very controversial as to whether PDE4D is a susceptible gene for stroke in other populations. In the present study, we tested whether the(More)
Stroke is a common complex trait and does not follow Mendelian pattern of inheritance. Gene–gene or gene–environment interactions may be responsible for the complex trait. How the interactions contribute to stroke is still under research. This study aimed to explore the association between gene–gene interactions and stroke in Chinese in a large case–control(More)
GDF15 (growth-differentiation factor 15) is a novel antihypertrophic factor which is induced in the heart in response to pressure overload and plays an important regulatory role in the process of hypertrophy. In the present study, we have investigated the relationship between GDF15 gene variants and left ventricular hypertrophy in human essential(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical phenotype of both hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) induced by hypertension is heterogeneous. Genetic factors may contribute to this heterogeneity. Evidence is accumulating that the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1alpha (PGC-1alpha) gene plays a role in cardiac(More)
PURPOSE Vitamin E succinate (alpha-TOS) inhibits the growth of cancer cells without unacceptable side effects. Therefore, the mechanisms associated with the anticancer action of alpha-TOS, including ceramide-mediated apoptosis, were investigated using head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) in vitro and in vivo. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Five different(More)
Recent studies suggest that the ANP (atrial natriuretic peptide)/NPRA (type A natriuretic peptide receptor) system modulates ventricular remodelling and cardiac hypertrophy in hypertension in Western populations. In the present study, we tested for any association between two SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) in the ANP gene (one in the promoter and(More)
In this study, we determined the role of PDGF-D, a new member of the PDGF family, in a rat model of balloon injured artery made with a 2F catheter in Sprague-Dawley male rats. PDGF-D expression was studied in the injured and control segments of abdominal aorta. The function of PDGF-D was evaluated in rat vascular smooth muscle cells stably transfected with(More)
BACKGROUND Prolongation of corrected QT interval (QTc) increases morbidity and mortality and QTc has been found to be longer in patients with diabetes mellitus than in healthy controls. It is still inconclusive whether the metabolic syndrome results in QTc prolongation. HYPOTHESIS We hypothesized that metabolic syndrome might contribute to risk of QTc(More)
Abnormal TGF-β1/Smad3 activation plays an important role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis, which can be prevented by paclitaxel (PTX). This study aimed to investigate an antifibrotic effect of the low-dose PTX (10 to 50 nM in vitro, and 0.6 mg/kg in vivo). PTX treatment resulted in phenotype reversion of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in(More)