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Replanted Calligonum caput-medusae saplings in the Tarim River watershed face short-term and frequent herbivory by goats, which can result in either growth inhibition or stimulation. The effects of herbivory on shrub saplings are unclear. We simulated herbivory with clipping to test two hypotheses. We hypothesized that (1) moderate herbivory may positively(More)
In subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) with cerebrovascular instability, hyperventilation may induce a risk of inducing or aggravating cerebral ischemia. We measured cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral metabolic rates of oxygen (CMRO2), glucose (CMRglc), and lactate (CMRlac) at different PaCO2 levels after experimental SAH in rats (injection of 0.07 mL of(More)
PURPOSE Increasing acquisition efficiency is always a challenge in high-resolution diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), which has low signal-to-noise ratio and is sensitive to reconstruction artifacts. In this study, a parallel imaging (PI) and compressed sensing (CS) combined framework is proposed, which features motion error correction, PI calibration, and(More)
Secretion of triacylglycerol-enriched very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDLs) from the liver is vital for maintaining plasma lipid homeostasis. However, the process of VLDL assembly and lipidation is not well characterized. Here, we observed that liver of Cideb null mice had higher levels of triacylglycerols accompanied by low level of VLDL secretion.(More)
Signature-based algorithms, including F5, F5C, G2V and GVW, are efficient algorithms for computing Gröbner bases in commutative polynomial rings. In this paper, we present a signature-based algorithm to compute Gröbner bases in solvable polynomial algebras which include usual commutative polynomial rings and some non-commutative polynomial rings(More)
Single-shot echo planar imaging (EPI) with parallel imaging techniques has been well established as the most popular method for clinical diffusion imaging, due to its fast acquisition and motion insensitivity. However, this approach is limited by the relatively low spatial resolution and image distortion. Interleaved EPI is able to break the limitations but(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate apoptosis, yet their role in regulated necrosis remains unknown. miR-21 is overexpressed in nearly all human cancer types and its role as an oncogene is suggested to largely depend on its anti-apoptotic action. Here we show that miR-21 is overexpressed in a murine model of acute pancreatitis, a pathologic condition involving(More)
PURPOSE For multishot diffusion weighted imaging (DWI), one of the challenges is to remove phase variations induced by physiological motion among different shots. In this study, a new method is proposed to iteratively solve the phase errors and DWI images simultaneously, for navigator-free acquisitions. THEORY AND METHODS Instead of solving phase errors(More)
A novel fabrication method for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) sensors that used a fast femtosecond (fs) laser scanning process to etch uniform patterns and structures on the endface of a fused silica optical fiber, which is then coated with a thin layer of silver through thermal evaporation is presented. A high quality SERS signal was detected on(More)