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We provided evidence for the formation of a novel phospholipase C-mediated calcium signal arising from coactivation of D1 and D2 dopamine receptors. In the present study, robust fluorescence resonance energy transfer showed that these receptors exist in close proximity indicative of D1-D2 receptor heterooligomerization. The close proximity of these(More)
D(1) and D(2) dopamine receptors exist as heteromers in cells and brain tissue and are dynamically regulated and separated by agonist concentrations at the cell surface. We determined that these receptor pairs interact primarily through discrete amino acids in the cytoplasmic regions of each receptor, with no evidence of any D(1)-D(2) receptor transmembrane(More)
Although the dopamine D1-D2 receptor heteromer has emerging physiological relevance and a postulated role in different neuropsychiatric disorders, such as drug addiction, depression, and schizophrenia, there is a need for pharmacological tools that selectively target such receptor complexes in order to analyze their biological and pathophysiological(More)
We have demonstrated that D(5) and D(2) dopamine receptors exist as heteromers in cells, and determined these receptor interact through amino acids in the cytoplasmic regions of each receptor. Specifically involved in heteromer formation we identified in the carboxyl tail of the D(5) receptor three adjacent glutamic acid residues, and in intracellular loop(More)
We previously showed that dopamine receptors existed as homo- and heterooligomers, in cells and in brain tissue. We developed a method designed to study the formation and regulation of G protein coupled receptor (GPCR) oligomers in cells, using a GPCR into which a nuclear localization sequence (NLS) had been inserted. Unlike wildtype GPCRs, in the presence(More)