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We explore efficient domain adaptation for the task of statistical machine translation based on extracting sentences from a large general-domain parallel corpus that are most relevant to the target domain. These sentences may be selected with simple cross-entropy based methods, of which we present three. As these sentences are not themselves identical to(More)
This paper presents a novel approach for automatically generating image descriptions: visual detectors, language models, and multimodal similarity models learnt directly from a dataset of image captions. We use multiple instance learning to train visual detectors for words that commonly occur in captions, including many different parts of speech such as(More)
Latent semantic models, such as LSA, intend to map a query to its relevant documents at the semantic level where keyword-based matching often fails. In this study we strive to develop a series of new latent semantic models with a deep structure that project queries and documents into a common low-dimensional space where the relevance of a document given a(More)
This paper presents a new hypothesis alignment method for combining outputs of multiple machine translation (MT) systems. An indirect hidden Markov model (IHMM) is proposed to address the synonym matching and word ordering issues in hypothesis alignment. Unlike traditional HMMs whose parameters are trained via maximum likelihood estimation (MLE), the(More)
We consider learning representations of entities and relations in KBs using the neural-embedding approach. We show that most existing models, including NTN (Socher et al., 2013) and TransE (Bordes et al., 2013b), can be generalized under a unified learning framework, where entities are low-dimensional vectors learned from a neural network and relations are(More)
One of the key problems in spoken language understanding (SLU) is the task of slot filling. In light of the recent success of applying deep neural network technologies in domain detection and intent identification, we carried out an in-depth investigation on the use of recurrent neural networks for the more difficult task of slot filling involving sequence(More)
In this paper, a concatenated "super" string model based minimum classification error (MCE) model adaptation approach is described. We show that the error rate minimization in the proposed approach can be formulated into maximizing a special ratio of two positive functions. The proposed string model is used to derive the growth transform based error rate(More)
In this paper, we present a Bayesian Learning based method to train word dependent transition models for HMM based word alignment. We present word alignment results on the Canadian Hansards corpus as compared to the conventional HMM and IBM model 4. We show that this method gives consistent and significant alignment error rate (AER) reduction. We also(More)
This paper proposes a new discriminative training method in constructing phrase and lexicon translation models. In order to reliably learn a myriad of parameters in these models, we propose an expected BLEU score-based utility function with KL regularization as the objective, and train the models on a large parallel dataset. For training, we derive growth(More)
Web search is challenging partly due to the fact that search queries and Web documents use different language styles and vocabularies. This paper provides a quantitative analysis of the language discrepancy issue, and explores the use of clickthrough data to bridge documents and queries. We assume that a query is parallel to the titles of documents clicked(More)