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Oxidative injury has been implicated in the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD). Gypenosides (GPs), the saponins extract derived from the Gynostemma pentaphyllum, has various bioactivities. In this study, GPs was investigated for its neuroprotective effects on the 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+))-induced oxidative injury of dopaminergic neurons in(More)
Estimation of Distribution Algorithms (EDAs) are implemented mainly by the three steps: selecting the promising subset from the current population, modeling the distribution of the selected population and sampling from the estimated model. Modeling and sampling are key steps of EDAs. They are also research topic of copula theory to represent the(More)
Estimation of Distribution Algorithms (EDAs) is a novel evolutionary algorithm originated from Genetic Algorithms. The probability distribution model of promising population is estimated iteratively in EDAs, and the new generation is sampled from the estimated model. An EDA with Gumbel copula is proposed in this paper. In order to estimating the joint, the(More)
BMP-2 is one of the most important growth factors of bone regeneration. Polylactide-co-glycolic acid (PLGA), which is used as a biodegradable scaffold for delivering therapeutic agents, has been intensively investigated. In previous studies, we synthesized a novel BMP-2-related peptide (designated P24) and found that it could enhance the osteoblastic(More)
Contamination of feed and food by aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), one of the most toxic of the mycotoxins, is a global concern. To prevent food safety scares, and avoid subsequent economic losses due to the recall of contaminated items, methods for the rapid, sensitive and specific detection of AFB1 at trace levels are much in demand. In this work, a simple,(More)
Zinc has been shown to increase bone mass and promote bone cell proliferation and differentiation. We, therefore, hypothesized that zinc might be cytoprotective for bone cells during oxidative stress. The cells were divided into H2O2, zinc and zinc + H2O2 groups. In the present study, zinc was found to inhibit H2O2-induced apoptosis in MC3T3-E1 cells, as(More)
MicroRNA-372 (miR-372) has been demonstrated to play a crucial role in cellular proliferation and apoptosis of cancer cells. However, its effects in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have not been explored. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of miR-372 in human HCC. Quantitative RT-PCR was performed to detect miR-372 expression(More)
This study examined the effect of IKVAV peptide nanofiber on proliferation, adhesion and differentiation into neurocytes of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). IKVAV Peptide-amphiphile was synthesized and purified. Then, hydrogen chloride was added to the diluted aqueous solutions of PA to induce spontaneous formation of nanofiber in vitro. The resultant(More)
UNLABELLED BACKGROUND SOX9 as a member of the SOX (SRY [sex determining region Y] box) gene superfamily has been previously demonstrated to be a proto-oncogene in a variety of malignancies. However, the clinical significance of SOX9 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of(More)
Gypenosides (GP), the saponin extract derived from the Gynostemma pentaphyllum Makino, a widely reputed medicinal plant in China, has been reported to have some neuroprotective effects. We used a rat model of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion to investigate the protective effects of GP on the cortex and hippocampal CA1 region and the underlying mechanisms for(More)