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Acknowledgments: We acknowledge the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) for their financial support. The views expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the Renewable Fuels Association. Abstract We update the findings of the impact of ethanol production on U.S. and regional gasoline markets as reported previously in Du(More)
Pearl oyster Pinctada martensii is cultured for production of pearl in China. It needs to implant a mantle graft cut from a donor oyster and a seed nucleus into the gonad of the host oyster to produce a pearl. Pearl sac surrounding the nucleus is formed by the proliferation of the implanted mantle graft from the outer mantle epithelial cells in the host(More)
Acknowledgments: The authors acknowledge the Renewable Fuel Association for their financial support. The views expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Renewable Fuel Association. Abstract This report updates the findings in Du ethanol production reduced wholesale gasoline prices by $0.25 per gallon(More)
OBJECTIVES A meta-analysis was conducted to investigate the effects of ulinastatin treatment on adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS Seven electronic databases were searched for reports of randomized, controlled trials conducted up to February 2014 in which patients undergoing cardiac surgery with CPB were(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short-nucleotide RNA molecules that function as negative regulators of gene expression in various organisms. However, miRNAs of Pinctada martensii have not been reported yet. P. martensii is one of the main species cultured for marine pearl production in China and Japan. In order to obtain the repertoire of miRNAs in P. martensii, we(More)
The authors are all with the Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) at Iowa State University with the exception of Simla Tokgoz, formerly of CARD, who is now with the International Food Policy Research Institute. Abstract We analyze the sensitivity of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from land-use change to modifications in assumptions(More)
This paper assesses the roles of various factors influencing the volatility of crude oil prices and the possible linkage between this volatility and agricultural commodity markets. Stochastic volatility models are applied to weekly crude oil, corn, and wheat using Bayesian Markov chain Monte Carlo methods. The main results are as follows. Speculation,(More)
Using pooled regional time-series data and panel data estimation, we quantify the impact of monthly ethanol production on monthly retail regular gasoline prices. This analysis suggests that the growth in ethanol production has caused retail gasoline prices to be $0.29 to $0.40 per gallon lower than would otherwise have been the case. The analysis shows that(More)