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Alpha-hemolysin (α-HL) is a self-assembling, channel-forming toxin produced by most Staphylococcus aureus strains as a 33.2-kDa soluble monomer. Upon binding to a susceptible cell membrane, the monomer self-assembles to form a 232.4-kDa heptamer that ultimately causes host cell lysis and death. Consequently, α-HL plays a significant role in the pathogenesis(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a common human pathogenic bacteria that can cause serious infections, including lethal staphylococcal pneumonia. The development of antimicrobial resistance has limited treatment options for this pathogen; consequently, novel antibiotics and strategies are urgently desired to combat these infections. In recent years, virulence(More)
α-hemolysin (Hla) is a self-assembling extracellular protein secreted as a soluble monomer by most Staphylococcus aureus strains and is an essential virulence factor for the pathogenesis of various S. aureus infections. Here, we show that curcumin (CUR), a natural compound with weak anti-S. aureus activity, can inhibit the hemolysis induced by Hla.(More)
Listeriolysin O (LLO), an essential virulence determinant of Listeria monocytogenes, is a pore-forming toxin whose primary function is to facilitate cytosolic bacterial replication by breaching the phagosomal membranes, which is critical for the pathogen to evade host immune recognition. The critical role of LLO in the virulence of L. monocytogenes renders(More)
α-Hemolysin (Hla) is a self-assembling, channel-forming toxin that is secreted by Staphylococcus aureus and is central to the pathogenesis of pulmonary, intraperitoneal, intramammary, and corneal infections in animal models. In this study, we report that baicalin (BAI), a natural compound that lacks anti-S. aureus activity, could inhibit the hemolytic(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a versatile pathogen that can cause life-threatening infections. The growing emergence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus strains and a decrease in the discovery of new antibiotics warrant the search for new therapeutic targets to combat infections. Staphylococcus aureus produces many extracellular virulence factors that contribute(More)
Pneumolysin (PLY), an essential virulence factor of Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus), can penetrate the physical defenses of the host and possesses inflammatory properties. The vital role PLY plays in pneumococcus pathogenesis makes this virulence factor one of the most promising targets for the treatment of pneumococcal infection. Verbascoside (VBS)(More)
The emergence and wide spread of multi-drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) requires the development of new therapeutic agents with alternative modes of action. Anti-virulence strategies are hoped to meet that need. Sortase A (SrtA) has attracted great interest as a potential drug target to treat infections caused by S. aureus, as many of the(More)
The critical role of sortase A in gram-positive bacterial pathogenicity makes this protein a good potential target for antimicrobial therapy. In this study, we report for the first time the crystal structure of Listeria monocytogenes sortase A and identify the active sites that mediate its transpeptidase activity. We also used a sortase A (SrtA) enzyme(More)
The protein α-hemolysin (α-HL) is a self-assembling exotoxin that binds to the membrane of a susceptible host cell. In this paper, experimental studies show that cyrtominetin (CTM) can inhibit the hemolytic activity of α-HL. To understand how CTM can affect hemolytic activity, molecular dynamics simulations were carried out for α-HL-CTM complex and these(More)