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The expression of carcino-embryonic antigen by colorectal cancer is an example of oncogenic activation of embryonic gene expression. Hypothesizing that oncogenesis-recapitulating-ontogenesis may represent a broad programmatic commitment, we compared gene expression patterns of human colorectal cancers (CRCs) and mouse colon tumor models to those of mouse(More)
Transient receptor potential melastatin-3 (TRPM3) is a broadly expressed Ca(2+)-permeable nonselective cation channel. Previous work has demonstrated robust activation of TRPM3 by the neuroactive steroid pregnenolone sulfate (PS), but its in vivo gating mechanisms and functions remained poorly understood. Here, we provide evidence that TRPM3 functions as a(More)
The epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) occurs commonly during carcinoma invasion and metastasis, but not during early tumorigenesis. Microarray data demonstrated elevation of vimentin, a mesenchymal marker, in intestinal adenomas from Apc Min/+ (Min) mice. We have tested the involvement of EMT in early tumorigenesis in mammalian intestines by following(More)
Early detection of colorectal cancer is critical for the management of this disease. Biomarkers for early detection of several cancers have been developed and applied clinically in recent years. We have sought to discover candidate biomarkers without the restricted choice of markers placed on microarrays, and without the biological complications of genetic(More)
The TRPM group of cation channels plays diverse roles ranging from sensory signaling to Mg2+ homeostasis. In most metazoan organisms the TRPM subfamily is comprised of multiple members, including eight in humans. However, the Drosophila TRPM subfamily is unusual in that it consists of a single member. Currently, the functional requirements for this channel(More)
The unique biology of a neoplasm is reflected by its distinct molecular profile compared with normal tissue. To understand tumor development better, we have undertaken a quantitative proteomic search for abnormally expressed proteins in colonic tumors from Apc(Min/+) (Min) mice. By raising pairs of Min and wild-type mice on diets derived from(More)
Markers overexpressed in colonic tumors of the multiple intestinal neoplasia (Min) mouse have been recently identified by cDNA subtractive hybridization and by microarray analysis. The significance of such a marker depends on its expression in tumor vs stromal lineages and on its expression pattern in normal tissue. From 34 differentially expressed markers,(More)
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a human cancer syndrome characterized by the development of hundreds to thousands of colonic polyps and extracolonic lesions including desmoid fibromas, osteomas, epidermoid cysts, and congenital hypertrophy of the pigmented retinal epithelium. Afflicted individuals are heterozygous for mutations in the APC gene.(More)
Studies of tumors from human familial adenomatous polyposis, sporadic colon cancer, and mouse and rat models of intestinal cancer indicate that the majority of early adenomas develop through loss of normal function of the Adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene. In murine models of familial adenomatous polyposis, specifically the multiple intestinal neoplasia(More)
Current screening procedures for colorectal cancer are imperfect and highly invasive and result in increased mortality rates due to low compliance. The goal of the experiments reported herein is to identify potential blood-based biomarkers indicative of early stage intestinal cancers using the ApcMin/+ mouse model of intestinal cancer as an experimental(More)
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