Xiaochun Luo

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Cryptocaryon irritans is one of the most important ectoparasites of marine fish, and can have a devastating effect on aquacultured fish populations. The role of TLR signaling pathways in anti-parasitic immune responses is poorly understood in fish. In this paper, we first cloned Epinephelus coioides MyD88 full-length cDNA (EcMyD88) and its respective gene.(More)
Tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR)-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) is a crucial signal transducer in both the TNFR superfamily and Toll-like receptor/interleukin 1R family. Although significant progress has been made in clarifying the role of TRAF6 in mammals, the function of TRAF6 in fish is still poorly understood. In this study, we cloned the(More)
Interleukin 1 (IL-1) receptor-associated kinase (IRAK) family members are crucial signal transducer in the Toll-like receptor/IL-1R signal pathway, which mediates downstream signal cascades involved in the innate and adaptive immune responses. In this study, we identified an IRAK-4 protein (EcIRAK-4) in the orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides),(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play a crucial role in the innate immune system, but to date the roles of fish TLRs in response to parasitic infection are still poorly understood. In the present study, we used channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) and the ciliate parasite Ichthyophthirius multifiliis as a model to investigate whether and which fish TLRs play(More)
Fish skin is the largest immunologically active mucosal organ, providing first-line defense against external pathogens. However, the skin-associated immune mechanisms of fish are still unclear. Cryptocaryon irritans is an obligate ectoparasitic ciliated protozoan that infects almost all marine fish, and is believed to be an excellent pathogen model to study(More)
CCR6 have been demonstrated playing an important role in immune cells homing to mucosal tissues, mediating antigen presentation and immune response in mammals. CCR6 in lower vertebrate leukocyte homing has not yet been revealed. Cryptocaryon irritans is believed to be a good pathogen model for skin and gill mucosal immunity. In this study, we identified two(More)
Interleukin (IL)-33, a newly identified member of IL-1 family of cytokines, plays a crucial role in polarizing Th2-associated immune responses. Recently growing evidence indicates that IL-33 also represents an important mediator of mucosal healing and epithelial restoration. In this study, we investigated the effect of IL-33 on antimicrobial infection and(More)
TLR21, a non-mammalian Toll like receptor, was recently identified in chicken as a pattern recognition receptor of unmethyl-CpG ODN, functionally similar to that of mammalian TLR9. Its role in fish immune defense and whether it is involved in anti-parasite immunity has not yet been proven. In this study, we identified a cDNA sequence encoding orange-spotted(More)
BACKGROUND Since human infection with the novel H7N9 avian influenza virus was identified in China in March 2013, the relatively high mortality rate and possibility of human-to-human transmission have highlighted the urgent need for sensitive and specific assays for diagnosis of H7N9 infection. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We developed a rapid(More)
Nonspecific cytotoxic cells (NCCs) are an important cytotoxic cell population in the innate teleost immune system. The receptor designated "NCC receptor protein 1" (NCCRP-1) has been reported to be involved in the recognition and activation of NCCs. In this study, the full-length cDNA of Epinephelus coioides NCCRP-1 (ecnccrp-1) was cloned. The open reading(More)