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Co-saliency is used to discover the common saliency on the multiple images, which is a relatively underexplored area. In this paper, we introduce a new cluster-based algorithm for co-saliency detection. Global correspondence between the multiple images is implicitly learned during the clustering process. Three visual attention cues: contrast, spatial, and(More)
In this paper, we introduce a novel Flip INvariant Descriptor (FIND). FIND improves the degenerated performance resulted from image flips and reduces both space and time costs. Flip invariance of FIND enables the intractable flip detection to be achieved easily, instead of duplicately implementing the procedure. To alleviate the pressure brought by the(More)
Image compositing technology has become popular for tampering with digital photographies. We describe how such composites can be detected by enforcing the geometric and photometric constraints from shadows. In particular, we explore (i) the imaged shadow relations that are modeled by the planar homology, and (ii) the color characteristics of the shadows(More)
Soluble NSF attachment protein receptor (SNARE) proteins are essential for membrane fusion in transport between the yeast ER and Golgi compartments. Subcellular fractionation experiments demonstrate that the ER/Golgi SNAREs Bos1p, Sec22p, Bet1p, Sed5p, and the Rab protein, Ypt1p, are distributed similarly but localize primarily with Golgi membranes. All of(More)
SEC35 was identified in a novel screen for temperature-sensitive mutants in the secretory pathway of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae (. Genetics. 142:393-406). At the restrictive temperature, the sec35-1 strain exhibits a transport block between the ER and the Golgi apparatus and accumulates numerous vesicles. SEC35 encodes a novel cytosolic protein of(More)
In this paper, we propose a framework for detecting tampered digital images based on photometric consistency of illumination in shadows. In particular, we formulate color characteristics of shadows measured by the shadow matte value. The shadow boundaries and the penumbra shadow region in an image are first extracted. Then a simple and efficient method is(More)
A screen for mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae secretory pathway components previously yielded sec34, a mutant that accumulates numerous vesicles and fails to transport proteins from the ER to the Golgi complex at the restrictive temperature (Wuestehube, L.J., R. Duden, A. Eun, S. Hamamoto, P. Korn, R. Ram, and R. Schekman. 1996. Genetics. 142:393-406).(More)
Foreground detection plays a core role in a wide spectrum of applications such as tracking and behavior analysis. It, especially for videos captured by fixed cameras, can be posed as a component decomposition problem, the background of which is typically assumed to lie in a low dimensional subspace. However, in real world cases, dynamic backgrounds like(More)
When one records a video/image sequence through a transparent medium (e.g. glass), the image is often a superposition of a transmitted layer (scene behind the medium) and a reflected layer. Recovering the two layers from such images seems to be a highly ill-posed problem since the number of unknowns to recover is twice as many as the given measurements. In(More)