Xiaochun Bian

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P2X receptors are ATP-gated cation channels composed of one or more of seven different subunits. P2X receptors participate in intestinal neurotransmission but the subunit composition of enteric P2X receptors is unknown. In this study, we used tissues from P2X3 wild-type (P2X3+/+) mice and mice in which the P2X3 subunit gene had been deleted (P2X3-/-) to(More)
Phytophthora sojae causes soybean root and stem rot, resulting in an annual loss of 1-2 billion US dollars in soybean production worldwide. A proteomic technique was used to determine the effects on soybean hypocotyls of infection with P. sojae. In the present study, 46 differentially expressed proteins were identified in soybean hypocotyls infected with P.(More)
P2X receptors are ATP-gated cation channels composed of one or more of seven different subunits. ATP acts at P2X receptors to contribute to fast excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) in myenteric neurons but the subunit composition of enteric P2X receptors is unknown. These studies used tissues from P2X2 wild-type (P2X2+/+) and P2X2 gene knockout(More)
A diamond microelectrode was used to sensitively, reproducibly and stably record overflow of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin) from enterochromaffin cells (EC) of the intenstinal mucosal layer. 5-HT is an important neurotransmitter and paracrine signalling molecule in the gastrointestinal tract. The diamond microelectrode was formed by overcoating a(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a neurotransmitter and paracrine signaling molecule in the gut. Paracrine signaling by enterochromaffin cells (EC), which release 5-HT, has not been studied in neonates. Our aim was to compare 5-HT disposition in the intestinal mucosa of neonatal and adult guinea pigs. METHODS 5-HT was locally measured in(More)
An emerging research field in electrochemistry today is the preparation, characterization and application of diamond microelectrodes for electroanalytical measurements in biological media. Interest in this new electrode material stems from its outstanding properties: (i) hardness, (ii) low, stable and pH-independent background current, (iii) morphological(More)
Large-conductance Ca2+-activated potassium (BK) channels modulate vascular smooth muscle tone. Tempol, a superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic, lowers blood pressure and inhibits sympathetic nerve activity in normotensive and hypertensive rats. In the present study, we tested the hypotheses depressor responses caused by tempol are partly mediated by(More)
A comparative proteomic study was made to explore the molecular mechanisms, which underlie soybean root and stem defense response caused by the oomycete Phytophthora sojae strain P6497. Soybean (Glycine max cv. Xinyixiaoheidou) seedling roots were incubated in salicylic acid, methyl jasmonate, 1-amino cyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid, hydrogen peroxide,(More)
Currents carried by L-, N-, and P/Q-type calcium channels do not account for the total calcium current in myenteric neurons. This study identified all calcium channels expressed by guinea pig small intestinal myenteric neurons maintained in primary culture. Calcium currents were recorded using whole cell techniques. Depolarizations (holding potential = -70(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal (GI) disorder characterized by chronic abdominal discomfort, including pain, bloating and changes in bowel habits. The exact cause of IBS is not entirely understood. Recent studies have shown that IBS may be associated with altered serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) levels within the GI tract.(More)