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All mitochondrial tRNAs in kinetoplastid protozoa are encoded in the nucleus and imported from the cytosol. Incubation of two in vitro-transcribed tRNAs, tRNA(Ile)(UAU) and tRNA(Gln)(CUG), with isolated mitochondria from Leishmania tarentolae, in the absence of any added cytosolic fraction, resulted in a protease-sensitive, ATP-dependent importation, as(More)
OBJECTIVE To detect cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) levels, frequencies of CETP D442G and I 14A mutations and characteristics of abnormal lipids in patients with cardio-cerebro vascular diseases. METHODS Ninety-four myocardial infarction (MI) patients, 110 stroke patients and 335 healthy controls were selected. The CETP concentration was(More)
G-Quadruplexes are four-stranded DNA structures that play important regulatory roles in the maintenance of telomere length by inhibiting telomerase activity. Telomeres are specialized functional DNA-protein structures consisting of a variable number of tandem G-rich repeats together with a group of specific proteins. Telomere losses during cell replication(More)
Telomere maintenance and telomerase reactivation is essential for the transformation of most human cancer cells. Telomere shortening to the threshold length, mutations of the telomere-associated proteins, and/or telomerase RNA lead to telomeric dysfunction and therefore genomic instability. Telomerase up-regulation in 85% of human cancer cells has become a(More)
Termination of RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) transcription is associated with RNA 3' end formation. For coding genes, termination is initiated by the cleavage/polyadenylation machinery. In contrast, a majority of noncoding transcription events in Saccharomyces cerevisiae does not rely on RNA cleavage for termination but instead terminates via a pathway that(More)
RUNX1-RUNX1T1 (formerly AML1-ETO), a transcription factor generated by the t(8;21) translocation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), dictates a leukemic program by increasing self-renewal and inhibiting differentiation. Here we demonstrate that the histone demethylase JMJD1C functions as a coactivator for RUNX1-RUNX1T1 and is required for its transcriptional(More)
Polyploidy is much rarer in animals than in plants but it is not known why. The outcome of combining two genomes in vertebrates remains unpredictable, especially because polyploidization seldom shows positive effects and more often results in lethal consequences because viable gametes fail to form during meiosis. Fortunately, the goldfish (maternal) ×(More)
Sequencing of the 3' end of poly(A)(+) RNA identifies cleavage and polyadenylation sites (pAs) and measures transcript expression. We previously developed a method, 3' region extraction and deep sequencing (3'READS), to address mispriming issues that often plague 3' end sequencing. Here we report a new version, named 3'READS+, which has vastly improved(More)
The properties of a thin sheet of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) membrane as an extraction phase were examined and compared to solid-phase microextraction (SPME) PDMS-coated fiber for application to semivolatile analytes in direct and headspace modes. This new PDMS extraction approach showed much higher extraction rates because of the larger surface area to(More)
Starting from a dihydropyrimidopyrimidine core scaffold based compound 27 (GNF-7), we discovered a highly potent (ABL1: IC50 of 70 nM) and selective (S score (1) = 0.02) BCR-ABL inhibitor 18a (CHMFL-ABL-053). Compound 18a did not exhibit apparent inhibitory activity against c-KIT kinase, which is the common target of currently clinically used BCR-ABL(More)