Xiaocheng Zhu

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OBJECTIVES Streptozotocin (STZ) has been widely used to induce diabetes in rodents and nonhuman primates, but it has been found difficult to achieve a completely diabetic state in pigs in the absence of detrimental side effects. As a result, pancreatectomy has been advocated in this species. We have investigated the effects of 2 dosages of STZ to safely(More)
BACKGROUND The availability of pigs homozygous for alpha1,3-galactosyltransferase gene-knockout (GT-KO) has enabled study of the incidence and cytotoxicity of primate antibodies directed to antigens other than Galalpha1,3Gal (Gal), termed non-Gal antigens. METHODS Sera from 27 healthy humans and 31 patients awaiting renal allotransplantation, who were(More)
BACKGROUND As pigs homozygous for alpha1,3-galactosyltransferase gene-knockout (GT-KO) are available, primate antibodies to pig non-Gal antigens can be studied. METHODS Sera from 56 baboons were tested for binding of IgM and IgG to peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from both wild-type (WT) and GT-KO pigs by flow cytometry. Complement-dependent(More)
The recent availability of pigs homozygous for alpha1,3-galactosyltransferase gene-knockout (GT-KO) has enabled the study of incidence and cytotoxicity of antibodies of cynomolgus monkeys directed to antigens other than Galalpha1,3Gal (Gal), termed nonGal antigens. To this aim, sera from 21 cynomolgus monkeys were tested by flow cytometry for binding of IgM(More)
Allograft/xenograft rejection is associated with "passenger leukocyte" migration from the organ into recipient lymph nodes. In Study 1, we attempted to deplete leukocytes from potential kidney "donor" pigs, using two regimens of total body irradiation. A dose of 700 cGy was administered, followed by either 800 cGy ("low-dose") or 1,300 cGy ("high dose")(More)
BACKGROUND The allotransplantation of some solid organs can be associated with a graft-vs.-host (GVH) response from the activity of donor B or T cells. We have investigated whether there is a risk of a GVH response following pig-to-primate organ xenotransplantation. METHODS The responses of 16 pigs (six farm-housed wild-type and five wild-type housed(More)
PREMISE OF THE STUDY Solanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade), having originated in the Americas, is now a serious summer-growing, perennial weed in many countries, including Australia. Most surfaces of the plants have a dense covering of trichomes, giving them a silvery-white appearance, hence the common name. We aimed to identify structural and(More)
The major developments in pig-to-non-human primate heart xenotransplantation during the past 20 years are summarized, largely through the experience of one investigator. Genetic modifications to organ-source pigs have been important steps in increasing heart xenograft survival from a few minutes in 1986 to 2 to 6 months in 2005.
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