Xiaobin Cao

Learn More
China's methadone maintenance treatment program was initiated in 2004 as a small pilot project in just eight sites. It has since expanded into a nationwide program encompassing more than 680 clinics covering 27 provinces and serving some 242 000 heroin users by the end of 2009. The agencies that were tasked with the program's expansion have been confronted(More)
HIV-related stigma and discrimination are major barriers to the successful control of HIV. Stigma is associated with the disease as well as the behaviors that lead to infection. A qualitative study was conducted to identify the reasons, sources, and types of HIV-related stigma prevalent in rural China. Eighty in-depth interviews were conducted with people(More)
BACKGROUND Using methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) clinics to deliver antiretroviral therapy (ART) is an effective strategy to promote treatment initiation and adherence for HIV-positive drug users. This paper describes the implementation barriers perceived by service providers for an intervention pilot designed to integrate ART services in MMT clinics.(More)
AIMS To describe the data collected by the Chinese methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) system and the characteristics of clients entering the programme. DESIGN Descriptive study using routinely collected data from the MMT data management system for the period March 2004 and March 2010. SETTING All MMT clinics in China. PARTICIPANTS Clients who(More)
BACKGROUND The Methadone Maintenance Therapy (MMT) program has been initiated in China since 2004. As of the end of November, 2008, 558 MMT clinics had been established countrywide. The objective of this study was to elucidate the difficulties and challenges as perceived by service providers working in MMT clinics. METHODS One service provider from each(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the overall mortality of methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clients in China and its associated factors. METHODS A total of 1,511 MMT clients, all of whom enrolled in China's first eight MMT clinics between March and December 2004, were included in this cohort study and followed for approximately six years, until June 2010.(More)
This study examined nation-wide data from China to assess client outcomes after 6-months of methadone treatment. Data on 19,026 clients enrolled between April 2008 and March 2010 were reviewed for changes in HIV-risk behaviours and emergence of new HIV cases. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with illicit drug use(More)
AIM To estimate the prevalence of, and identify factors associated with, depression and anxiety among community-based methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clients in China. DESIGN A cross-sectional survey. SETTING Nine MMT clinics, three each from three Chinese provinces (Yunnan, Anhui and Jiangsu) between October 2008 and February 2009. PARTICIPANTS(More)
BACKGROUND To investigate factors associated with retention among the first cohort of drug users attending methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) clinics in China. METHODS A six-year cohort of 1511 drug users was enrolled in the first 8 MMT clinics in China in 2004 and followed between March, 2004 and December, 2010. Six-year retention rates were(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the adherence and related determinants among HIV-positive methadone maintenance treatment(MMT)clients in Dali,Yunnan province from 2005 to 2013. METHODS Cases were selected from the "National MMT Information Management System". The main information included demographic, drug abuse behaviors prior to enrollment, MMT treatment and(More)