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To investigate the genetic basis of maize seedling response to waterlogging, we performed a genome-wide association study in 144 maize inbred lines, measuring length, fresh and dry weight of roots and shoots under normal and waterlogged conditions using 45,868 SNPs. This panel was divided into three subgroups based on the population structure results and(More)
Drought can cause severe reduction in maize production, and strongly threatens crop yields. To dissect this complex trait and identify superior alleles, 350 tropical and subtropical maize inbred lines were genotyped using a 1536-SNP array developed from drought-related genes and an array of 56,110 random SNPs. The inbred lines were crossed with a common(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key posttranscriptional regulators of gene expression that are implicated in many processes of eukaryotic cells. It is known that the expression profiles of host miRNAs can be reshaped by viruses. However, a systematic investigation of marine invertebrate miRNAs that respond to virus infection has not yet been performed. In this(More)
The innate immune system, including the cell-based immunity (mainly apoptosis and phagocytosis) and the humoral immunity (such as pro-phenoloxidase system), is the first defense line of animals against the infection of pathogens in a non-specific manner, which is fine regulated through the gene expression regulations. The microRNAs (miRNAs) are recognized(More)
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is a major shrimp viral pathogen responsible for large economic losses to shrimp aquaculture all over the world. The RNAi mediated by siRNA contributes a new strategy to control this viral disease. However, the efficient approach to deliver the siRNA into shrimp remains to be addressed. In this investigation, an antiviral(More)
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) has been widely applied in medical treatments, cosmetic, food, agriculture, and chemical industries. In industry, the immobilization of enzymes can offer better stability, feasible continuous operations, easy separation and reusing, and significant decrease of the operation costs. However, little attention has focused on the(More)
Plant mitochondrial transcription termination factor (mTERF) genes comprise a large family with important roles in regulating organelle gene expression. In this study, a comprehensive database search yielded 31 potential mTERF genes in maize (Zea mays L.) and most of them were targeted to mitochondria or chloroplasts. Maize mTERF were divided into nine main(More)
Phagocytosis is crucial for triggering host defenses against invading pathogens in animals. However, the receptors on phagocyte surface required for phagocytosis of virus have not been extensively explored. This study demonstrated that white spot syndrome virus (WSSV), a major pathogen of shrimp, could be engulfed but not digested by Drosophila S2 cells,(More)
Breast cancer is a serious health problem worldwide. Inhibition of apoptosis plays a major role in breast cancer tumorigenesis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play crucial roles in the regulation of apoptosis. However, the regulation of breast cancer apoptosis by miRNAs has not been intensively investigated. To address this issue, the effect of miR-100 on the cell(More)
In eukaryotes, the manipulation of the host actin cytoskeleton is a necessary strategy for viral pathogens to invade host cells. Increasing evidence indicates that the actin homolog MreB of bacteria plays key roles in cell shape formation, cell polarity, cell wall biosynthesis, and chromosome segregation. However, the role of bacterial MreB in the(More)