Xiao-xing Liu

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Dickkopf-1(DKK-1), the downstream target of β-catenin/T-cell factor, participates in a negative feedback loop in the Wnt signaling and reported as an important biomarker in many tumors. In this study, we analyzed the expression of DKK-1 in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients at both mRNA and protein levels. We used real-time PCR to detect the(More)
PIWIL2-like (PL2L) protein 60 (PL2L60), a product of aberrantly activated PIWIL2 gene, is widely expressed in various types of tumors and may promote tumorigenesis. However, the mechanisms underlying the activation of expression of PL2L60 remain unknown. In this study, an intragenic promoter responsible for the activation of PL2L60 within the human PIWIL2(More)
Stochastic evolutionary game dynamics in hierarchy are very popular in economics and in management sciences. This study extends the model of stochastic evolutionary game dynamics. This paper highlights hierarchy selection model and we show that the hierarchy selection games are more stable without structures in this paper. Furthermore, an example in(More)
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