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Ryanodine receptors (RyRs) of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) play important roles in major physiological processes such as hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction and perinatal pulmonary vasodilatation. Recent studies show that three subtypes of RyRs are coexpressed and RyR-gated Ca2+ stores are distributed heterogeneously in systemic vascular(More)
OBJECTIVES This review synthesized literature on brain activity, indexed by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), during visual affective information processing in major depressive disorder (MDD). Activation was examined in regions consistently implicated in emotive processing, including the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), prefrontal cortex (PFC),(More)
Transient receptor potential melastatin- (TRPM) and vanilloid-related (TRPV) channels are nonselective cation channels pertinent to diverse physiological functions. Multiple TRPM and TRPV channel subtypes have been identified and cloned in different tissues. However, their information in vascular tissue is scant. In this study, we sought to identify TRPM(More)
Chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension is associated with profound vascular remodeling and alterations in Ca(2+) homeostasis in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). Recent studies show that transient receptor potential (TRPC) genes, which encode store-operated and receptor-operated cation channels, play important roles in Ca(2+) regulation and(More)
Chronic hypoxic pulmonary hypertension (CHPH) is associated with altered expression and function of cation channels in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs), but little is known for anion channels. The Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) channel (CaCC), recently identified as TMEM16A, plays important roles in pulmonary vascular function. The present study(More)
Chronic hypoxia causes pulmonary hypertension with vascular remodeling, increase in vascular tone, and altered reactivity to agonists. These changes involve alterations in multiple Ca(2+) pathways in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). We have previously shown that vanilloid (TRPV)- and melastatin-related transient receptor potential (TRPM)(More)
BACKGROUND Studies in adults with major depressive disorder (MDD) have implicated dysregulation of frontal-limbic circuits in the symptomology of this disorder. We hypothesized that the middle frontal gyrus (MFG; a core portion of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex or DLPFC) and the anterior cingulate (caudal), regions implicated in emotive and cognitive(More)
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is associated with profound vascular remodeling and alterations in Ca(2+) homeostasis in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). Previous studies show that canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) genes are upregulated and store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) is augmented in PASMCs of chronic hypoxic rats and patients(More)
BACKGROUND The corpus callosum and related white matter projections have been implicated in major depressive disorder (MDD). Previously, we found a smaller genu in adolescents with MDD as compared to controls. To date, no study has examined the age of depression onset (adult vs. pediatric) as it relates to genu area in adults with MDD. METHODS The area of(More)
OBJECTIVE We hypothesized an increase in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) glutamate levels would occur after 3 weeks of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) treatment and a decrease in major depressive disorder (MDD) symptoms. METHODS We report 6 patients (4 females) 15 to 21 years of age with treatment-resistant MDD. Participants had(More)