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For the promise of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to be realized, it is necessary to ask if and how efficiently they may be differentiated to functional cells of various lineages. Here, we have directly compared the neural-differentiation capacity of human iPSCs and embryonic stem cells (ESCs). We have shown that human iPSCs use the same(More)
Directed differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) to a functional cell type, including neurons, is the foundation for application of hESCs. We describe here a reproducible, chemically defined protocol that allows directed differentiation of hESCs to nearly pure neuroectodermal cells and neurons. First, hESC colonies are detached from mouse(More)
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP), a pregnancy-related liver disease, leads to complications for both mother and fetus. Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as candidate biomarkers for many diseases. So far, the circulating miRNAs profiling of ICP has not been investigated. To assess the urinary miRNAs as non-invasive biomarkers for ICP, a(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Postoperative analgesia is crucial for early functional excise after total knee arthroplasty. To investigate the clinical efficacy of ultrasound and nerve stimulator guided continuous femoral nerve block analgesia after total knee arthroplasty. METHODS 46 patients with ASA grade I-III who underwent total knee arthroplasty(More)
To investigate the relationship of tumor associated glycoprotein-72 (TAG-72) expression with clinicopathological features in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Sixty pairs of HCC and paracarcinomatous (PCLT) tissues, and 10 nomral liver (NL) tissues were collected for Western blot analysis, and 244 pairs of HCC and PCLT tissues were collected for(More)
Stromal derived factor-1α (SDF-1α), a critical chemokine that promotes cell homing to target tissues, was presumed to be involved in the traumatic brain injury cortex. In this study, we determined the expression of SDF-1α in the hippocampus after transection of the fimbria fornix (FF). Realtime PCR and ELISA showed that mRNA transcription and SDF-1α(More)
We investigate the possibility of observing the exotic decay mode of the top quark into the lightest stop (˜ t 1) and neutralino (˜ χ 0 1) in the minimal supersymmetric standard model with R-parity at the upgraded Tevatron. First we determine the allowed range for the branching fraction B(t → ˜ t 1 ˜ χ 0 1) in the region of parameter space allowed by the R(More)
AIM Infantile spasms (IS) are an age-specific epileptic syndrome with specific clinical symptom and electroencephalogram (EEG) features, lacking treatment options, and a poor prognosis. Excessive endogenous corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) in infant brain might result in IS. However, the data from human IS are limited. In our study, we investigated the(More)
Simple, rapid and accurate detection of ethanol concentration in blood is very crucial in the diagnosis and management of potential acute ethanol intoxication patients. A novel electrochemical detection method was developed for the quantification of ethanol in human plasma with disposable unmodified screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE) without sample(More)
BACKGROUND SmD1-amino-acid 83-119 peptide (SmD183-119) is the major epitope of Smith (Sm) antigen, which is specific for adult systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The anti-SmD183-119 antibody has exhibited higher sensitivity and specificity than anti-Sm antibody in diagnosing adult SLE. However, the utility of anti-SmD183-119antibodies remains unclear in(More)