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PURPOSE AND EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN MCM4 is a member of Minichromosome maintenance protein family. MCM2-7 proteins play an essential role in eukaryotic DNA replication and have been identified as components of DNA replication licensing factors. So far, no research on MCM4 has been reported in esophageal cancer. In this study, we detected via RT-PCR the(More)
p63 is a recently identified homologue of the tumor suppressor gene TP53, which encodes multiple isotypes with transactivating, death-inducing and dominant-negative activities. p63 is expressed in basal cells of squamous epithelia and many kinds of tumors. To explore the penetrance of p63 in esophageal cancer, we analyzed p63 expression in squamous cell(More)
Chromosomal aberrations (amplifications and deletions) underlie the genesis or development of cancer. Amplification of 8q24 is one of the most frequent events in esophageal cancer. To define whether C-MYC is the target gene for 8q24 amplification, we performed fluorescence in situ hybridization using a MYC (8q24.12 approximately q24.13) probe in esophageal(More)
In this study, we compared the spatial distribution of total metals (Cu, Pb, and Zn) and bioaccessible metals, which were quantified by incubating sediments with the digestive fluid of sipunculans Sipunculus nudus, in natural sediments of the Pearl River Estuary (PRE). The spatial distribution of bioaccessible metal was not the same as that of total metals(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the effects and mechanisms of combining astragaloside IV (the effective component of Astragalus membranaceus) with notoginsenoside R1, ginsenoside Rb1 and ginsenoside Rg1 (the effective components of Panax notoginseng) against oxidative injury in PC12 cells induced by cobalt chloride (CoCl₂). METHODS CoCl₂ was used to stimulate PC12(More)
The existence of unknown tumor suppressor gene(s) other than the APC gene has been hinted on 5q for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). In order to define minimal deletion intervals on 5q in ESCC and investigate the potential tumor suppressor gene(s), 9 microsatellite markers scattering the region from 5q22 to 5q35 were chosen for loss of(More)
This aim of this study was to explore the effects and molecular mechanisms of Astragalus extract against cerebral ischemia injury through the energy metabolism and apoptosis pathways of c‑Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signal transduction. After the bilateral common carotid artery of C57BL/6 mice was occluded for 20 min followed by 1-h reperfusion, the ATP(More)
Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignancies in the world; however, its exact mechanism of development which may be relevant to many factors is still unclear, such as age, diet, Helicobacter pylori infection, smoking, polyps, chronic gastric ulcer and so on. Chronic gastric ulcer is considered as precancerous lesion of gastric cancer. The(More)
Astragalus and Panax notoginseng are commonly used to treat cardio-cerebrovascular diseases in China and are often combined together to promote curative effect. We speculate that the enhancement of the combination on anticerebral ischemia injury may come from the main active components. The purpose of this work was to probe the effects and mechanisms of(More)