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Voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) conduct calcium into cells after membrane depolarization and are vital for diverse biological events. They are regulated by various signalling pathways, which has profound functional consequences. The activity of VGCCs decreases with time in whole-cell and inside-out patch-clamp recordings. This rundown reflects(More)
Ion channels respond to changes in transmembrane voltage or ligand concentration by opening or closing an activation gate. In voltage-gated K+ channels, this gate has been localized to an intracellular bundle crossing. Here we examined whether this bundle crossing, or the more internal cytoplasmic pore, acts as a gate for PIP2 activation of inward rectifier(More)
The inner pore of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (VGCCs) is functionally important, but little is known about the architecture of this region. In K+ channels, this part of the pore is formed by the S6/M2 transmembrane segments from four symmetrically arranged subunits. The Ca2+ channel pore, however, is formed by four asymmetric domains of the same (alpha1)(More)
The activity of voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) decreases with time in whole-cell and inside-out patch-clamp recordings. In this study we found that substituting a single amino acid (I1520) at the intracellular end of IIIS6 in the alpha(1) subunit of P/Q-type Ca(2+) channels with histidine or aspartate greatly attenuated channel rundown in inside-out(More)
Ion channels open and close in response to changes in transmembrane voltage or ligand concentration. Recent studies show that K+ channels possess two gates, one at the intracellular end of the pore and the other at the selectivity filter. In this study we determined the location of the activation gate in a voltage-gated Ca2+ channel (VGCC) by examining the(More)
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