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One important promoter element at the 5' end of the c-fos gene is the serum response element (SRE). SRE is the site of attachment of the 67-kDa protein serum response factor (SRF) and several accessory proteins (Elk1, SAP1, SAP2/NET), termed the ternary complex factors. The binding of SRF to SRE plays an integral role in c-fos transcription and may occur(More)
The early response proto-oncogene c-fos is expressed at very low levels in the mammalian heart at baseline. To further investigate the mechanism of altered c-fos expression with age, we studied in the basal state the binding of five transcription proteins to their cognate sites in the c-fos promoter/enhancer region, in adult and old F344 rats. Our results(More)
OBJECTIVE Increasing evidence shows that TGF-β1 is a key mediator in diabetic nephropathy (DN) and induces renal fibrosis positively by Smad3 but negatively by Smad7. However, treatment of DN by blocking the TGF-β/Smad pathway remains limited. The present study investigated the anti-fibrotic effect of a traditional Chinese medicine, Chaihuang-Yishen granule(More)
Implantation of tumor cells modified by in vitro cytokine gene transfer has been shown by many investigators to result in potent in vivo antitumor activities in mice. Here we describe an approach to tumor immunotherapy utilizing direct transfection of cytokine genes into tumor-bearing animals by particle-mediated gene transfer. In vivo transfection of the(More)
Aging has been associated with diminished lung function and increased susceptibility to lung infection. To determine whether changes suggestive of immune dysregulation and inflammation appear in the lungs of clinically normal individuals as a function of advancing age, we performed bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) on discontinuous age groups (20-36, 45-55, and(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that diabetes is associated with an enhanced risk of cognitive decline. The precise mechanisms underlying diabetes-associated cognitive decline (DACD) remain unclear. Here we investigated the molecular changes associated with DACD using a comparative proteomics study of hippocampus in a rat model of type 2 diabetes. In addition,(More)
This paper describes a culture system which supports the formation of B cell and some T cell colonies under serum-free conditions in peripheral blood samples of normal individuals and patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) of B cell type. In this system, serum is replaced by bovine serum albumin, transferrin, cholesterol, insulin and catalase or(More)
Restriction fragments of HBV-DNA, cleaved by endonuclease HhaI, containing HBcAg gene were trimmed by BAL-31 exonuclease to remove different lengths of the precore sequence. They were inserted into plasmid pUR222 at EcoRI site through synthetic linker ligation. Transformants in E. coli BMH7118 showing different levels of HBcAg gene expression were screened(More)