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Childhood traumatic events hamper the development of the hippocampus and impair declarative memory in susceptible individuals. Persistent elevations of hippocampal corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), acting through CRF receptor 1 (CRF₁), in experimental models of early-life stress have suggested a role for this endogenous stress hormone in the resulting(More)
Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) has been identified as a susceptibility gene for schizophrenia, and dysregulation of NRG1 and its ErbB receptors is implicated in the pathophysiology of the disorder. The present study examined the protein expression levels of NRG1beta, ErbB2, ErbB3 and ErbB4 in the rat prefrontal cortex and hippocampus following a 4-wk administration of(More)
Chronic stress evokes profound structural and molecular changes in the hippocampus, which may underlie spatial memory deficits. Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and CRH receptor 1 (CRHR1) mediate some of the rapid effects of stress on dendritic spine morphology and modulate learning and memory, thus providing a potential molecular basis for impaired(More)
The Open University's repository of research publications and other research outputs Forebrain CRF¡sub¿1¡/sub¿ modulates early-life stress-programmed cognitive deficits. (2011). Forebrain CRF1 modulates early-life stress-programmed cognitive deficits. Copyright and Moral Rights for the articles on this site are retained by the individual authors and/or(More)
RATIONALE While human depressive illness is indeed uniquely human, many of its symptoms may be modeled in rodents. Based on human etiology, the assumption has been made that depression-like behavior in rats and mice can be modulated by some of the powerful early life programming effects that are known to occur after manipulations in the first weeks of life.(More)
Early-life stress may lead to persistent changes in central corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and the CRH receptor 1 (CRHR1) system that modulates anxiety-related behavior. However, it remains unknown whether CRH-CRHR1 signaling is involved in early-life stress-induced anxiety-related behavior in adult animals. In the present study, we used conditional(More)
Early life blockade of the NMDA receptor by using MK-801, a non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonist, induces behavioral changes that mimic several features of schizophrenia. In the current study, we first examined the effects of neonatal MK-801 treatment in male Sprague-Dawley rats on locomotor activity, prepulse inhibition and spatial working memory in(More)
Glutamate N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists, like phencyclidine (PCP), elicit schizophrenia-like symptoms in humans and behavioral abnormalities in animals, such as hyperactivity. We investigated the effect of the atypical antipsychotic risperidone on hyperlocomotion produced in mice by(More)
Stress-induced psychiatric disorders, such as depression, have recently been linked to changes in glutamate transmission in the central nervous system. Glutamate signaling is mediated by a range of receptors, including metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs). In particular, mGluR subtype 5 (mGluR5) is highly implicated in stress-induced psychopathology.(More)
The neuregulin 1 (NRG1)-ErbB4 signaling pathway has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Recent studies suggest that this pathway may interact with the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) via the postsynaptic scaffold protein PSD-95. This interaction is of particular interest given the leading role of the NMDAR hypofunction in(More)